14.1.- BIOMECANIQUE

Biomécanique étudie la mécanique du mouvement de l'organisme des êtres vivants, parmi lesquels le mouvement du corps humain humain. Cette étude va des mouvements les plus simples de la vie quotidienne, comme le travail ou l'activité sportive, au mouvement de certains organes internes, comme le cœur. Pour étudier la cinétique du corps humain, biomécanique, on applique les principes de la mécanique et les connaissances de l'anatomie et de la physiologie, permettant la conception de nouveaux instruments de diagnostic et de traitement et la mise au point de meilleures implants et prothèses.

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Aujourd'hui, Biomécanique analyse les mouvements de la combinaison des articulations et des muscles. Ces analyses nous permettent d'étudier les charges et les efforts auxquels le corps humain est soumis. La connaissance de la cinétique humaine permet le traitement des blessures et leur réadaptation ultérieure, la conception de prothèses permettant la flexibilité des mouvements, la recherche de nouvelles techniques sportives pour augmenter la performance d'une activité physique ou la prévention de la détérioration de l'organisme lors d'activités au travail et à la maison. Ces connaissances peuvent être divisées en plusieurs domaines de Biomécanique: Biomécanique médicale, Biomécanique du sport et Biomécanique du travail. Une autre application de la biomécanique est la conception d'applications robotiques. Les mouvements effectués par les bras robotiques ou la capacité de déplacement de certains d'entre eux au moyen d'un système locomoteur électro-mécanique sont basés sur la mécanique des êtres vivants.

L'étude continue du comportement mécanique des organismes conduit les applications de la biomécanique à développer des prothèses bioniques et des organismes artificiels qui simulent le fonctionnement normal d'un organisme réel et peuvent réagir à des stimuli. En outre, l'amélioration de la technologie exosquelettes permettra d'accroître la mobilité des personnes à mobilité réduite et d'améliorer les capacités physiques lors d'activités à sollicitation.

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PRODUITS DE BIOMECANIQUE
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BASIC MECHANICS INTEGRATED LABORATORY - LIMEBA
  • LIMEBA
Available
14.1.1.- PRINCIPES DE BASE MÉCANIQUE
LIMEBA
Laboratoire Intégrale de Mécanique Basique
LIMEBA consists on a complete set of exercises and practical experiments belonging to the area of Applied Mechanics in its two mainsubareas:Statics: the analysis of structures in balance.Dynamics: analysis of the motion of mechanisms.LIMEBA is...
PANEL AND COMMON ELEMENTS CASE FOR LIMEBA - MECA/EC
Available
14.1.1.- PRINCIPES DE BASE MÉCANIQUE
MECA/EC
Panel et Cas des Éléments Communs pour le LIMEBA
Accessoire de LIMEBA
It is the supporting structure where the modules’s elements are mounted in order to undertake the experiments and hence, the basepanel is necessary along with any module.The panel is pierced with equidistant holes that help students to take...
STATICS EXPERIMENTS - MECA1
Available
14.1.1.- PRINCIPES DE BASE MÉCANIQUE
MECA1
Expériences statiques
Accessoire de LIMEBA
Statics is the part of Mechanics that studies any kind of structure or element in balance-equilibrium.Basically the module consist on experiments in which the student shall learn to deduce the main principles of Statics and its most important...
TRANSMISSIONS EXPERIMENTS - MECA3
Available
14.1.1.- PRINCIPES DE BASE MÉCANIQUE
MECA3
Expériences Transmissions
Accessoire de LIMEBA
Most recent machines require the transmission of motion between elements to obtain the desired mechanical result. The mechanisms studied in this module are those that transmit motion between two axles.
DYNAMICS EXPERIMENTS - MECA4
Available
14.1.1.- PRINCIPES DE BASE MÉCANIQUE
MECA4
Expériences dynamiques
Accessoire de LIMEBA
Dynamics is the part of Mechanics that analyzes the motion of an element or mechanism caused by a force. Thus the study is concentrated on the basic laws of Dynamics.
FRICTION EXPERIMENTS - MECA5
Available
14.1.1.- PRINCIPES DE BASE MÉCANIQUE
MECA5
Expériences de friction
Accessoire de LIMEBA
This module considers the most important phenomenon of Dynamics: Friction. It is a manifestation of the energy loss due to contact, effect that happens in every real-world mechanism.
SPECIAL MECHANISMS EXPERIMENTS - MECA6
Available
14.1.1.- PRINCIPES DE BASE MÉCANIQUE
MECA6
Mécanismes spéciaux Expériences
Accessoire de LIMEBA
This module considers various mechanisms frequently used in industrial processes, without them some operations would not be possible with the same efficiency. Here these mechanisms are shown and their function analyzed.
SLIDER CRANK MECHANISM - MBD
  • MBD
Available
14.1.2.1.- MÉCANISMES
MBD
Mécanisme à Bielle Coulissante
The Slider Crank Mechanism, "MBD", designed by EDIBON, is an example of slider-crank mechanism.This mechanism is made of aluminum and consists of a rotary element (graduated disc), called crank, connected to a rigid bar, calledconnecting rod. When...
SCOTCH YOKE MECHANISM - MYE
  • MYE
Available
14.1.2.1.- MÉCANISMES
MYE
Mécanisme Scotch Yoke
The Scotch Yoke Mechanism, "MYE", designed by EDIBON, is an example of slider-crank mechanism for converting the linear motion of a slider into rotational motion or vice versa. It is made of aluminum and consists of a rotary element, called...
SLOTTED LINK MECHANISM - MBM1
  • MBM1
Available
14.1.2.1.- MÉCANISMES
MBM1
Mécanisme à Bielle et Manivelle
The Slotted Link Mechanism, "MBM1", is an example of a quick-return mechanism, capable of transforming circular motion into reciprocating motion. It is made of aluminum and consists of a rotary element (graduated disk), called crank, connected to...
WHITWORTH QUICK RETURN MECHANISM - MBM2
  • MBM2
Available
14.1.2.1.- MÉCANISMES
MBM2
Mécanisme de Retour Rapide Whitworth
The Whitworth Quick Return Mechanism, "MBM2", is a mechanism able to transform circular movement into reciprocating movement. It ismade of aluminum and consists of a rotary element, called crank, with a graduated disk, connected to a rigid bar,...
FOUR-BAR MECHANISM - MCA
  • MCA
Available
14.1.2.1.- MÉCANISMES
MCA
Mécanisme à Quatre Barres
The Four-Bar Mechanism, "MCA", designed by EDIBON, is a bench-top unit to perform laboratory experiments.It is made of anodized aluminum and consists of two rotary elements (graduated discs) mounted on ball bearings. The discs include a scale to...
GENEVA STOP MECHANISM - MME
  • MME
Available
14.1.2.1.- MÉCANISMES
MME
Mécanisme d'Arrêt Genève
The Geneva Stop Mechanism, "MME", designed by EDIBON, is a mechanism that transforms continuous circular motion into intermittent motion. It is a positive drive in which the driven wheel is positively moved or locked.It is made of aluminum and...
COUPLING MECHANISM - MAC
  • MAC
Available
14.1.2.1.- MÉCANISMES
MAC
Mécanisme d'Accouplement
Le Mécanisme d'Accouplement, "MAC", représente un simple couplage de type Oldham. Le déplacement latéral des arbres d'entrée et de sortie peut être modifié et des échelles circulaires sont montées sur les brides d'entrée et de sortie.Il se compose...
HOOKE'S JOINT MECHANISM - MUN
  • MUN
Available
14.1.2.1.- MÉCANISMES
MUN
Mécanisme Commun Universel
The Hooke’s Joint Mechanism, "MUN", designed by EDIBON, represents a universal coupling, also called a U-joint, Hooke joint or Cardan joint. The Hooke joint is a universal mechanism that is often used to transmit rotary motion between two...
CAM AND FOLLOWER MECHANISM - MEX
  • MEX
Available
14.1.2.1.- MÉCANISMES
MEX
Mécanisme de Came et Suiveur
The Cam and Follower Mechanism, "MEX", allows to study the cam-follower and eccentric-follower mechanisms. For that purpose, several plate cam models in different forms, one eccentric and several roller-shaped, flat-shaped, wedge-shaped and...
CRANK MECHANISM - MBI
  • MBI
Available
14.1.2.1.- MÉCANISMES
MBI
Mécanisme de Manivelle
The Crank Mechanism "MBI", is a unit designed to observe, study and record the motion of a crank and the forces involved in a simple engine mechanism. The piston is linearly displaced through a cylinder with the aid of a guide.Bearings are coupled...
ACKERMANN STEERING MECHANISM - MDA
  • MDA
Available
7.1.2.1.- MÉCANISMES
MDA
Mécanisme de Direction "Ackermann"
The Ackermann Steering Mechanism, "MDA", is a bench-mounted unit designed to determine the lead angle of a steering trapezoid in an Ackermann steering mechanism, the disadvantages of incorrectly adjusted track rods and the influence of the track...
WINCH MECHANISM - MMEL
  • MMEL
Available
14.1.2.1.- MÉCANISMES
MMEL
Mécanisme de Levage
The Winch Mechanism, "MMEL", allows to study the lifting velocity and load transmission of a winch. Efficiency and load transmission can be determined by force balance.The unit consists of a gear transmission mechanism. One gear is the input gear...
BAR LINKAGES UNIT - MBLU
  • MBLU
Available
7.1.2.1.- MÉCANISMES
MBLU
Unité de Couplage de Barre
L’Unité de Couplage de Barre, "MBLU", permet de réaliser de multiples expériences en utilisant différents arrangements de ses pièces.Le kit "MBLU" comprend une sélection de plus de vingt longueurs différentes de tiges perforées et de pivots ou...
WORM AND WHEEL UNIT - MTSF
  • MTSF
Available
14.1.2.2.- VITESSES
MTSF
Unité d'Engrenages de Forces à Vis sans Fin
The Worm and Wheel Unit, "MTSF", allows to demonstrate the principle of a worm gear.The unit consists in a worm and a wheel. These parts are mounted on ball bearings and fixed to a vertical panel.The worm and wheel are positioned a set distance...
ACCELERATION OF GEARED SYSTEM UNIT - MAE
  • MAE
Available
14.1.2.2.- VITESSES
MAE
Unité d´Accélération en Systèmes d´Engrenages
The Acceleration of Geared Systems Unit "MAE" allows to perform tests to calculate the moment of inertia of a gear train system.The MAE unit includes six gears. Two of them can have another position in the shafts to vary the gear ratio, allowing...
SIMPLE DRIVES ASSEMBLY UNIT - MSDA
  • MSDA
Available
14.1.2.2.- VITESSES
MSDA
Unité de Montage de Transmission Simple
The Simple Drives Assembly Unit, "MSDA", allows the knowledge and learning of the fundamentals of the mechanical transmission technique, as well as the assembly, disassembly and experimentation with simple gears.The unit allows to carry out...
UNIT TO STUDY COMBINED DRIVES ASSEMBLY - MCDA
  • MCDA
Available
14.1.2.2.- VITESSES
MCDA
Unité de Montage de Transmission Combiné
The Combined Drives Assembly Unit, "MCDA", allows carrying out advanced exercises and provides an understanding of the significant components and arrangements of the mechanical drive technology.With this unit, practices can be carried out to...
GEAR TRAIN ASSEMBLY UNIT - MGTA
  • MGTA
Available
14.1.2.2.- VITESSES
MGTA
Unité d'Assemblage de Train
The Unit to Study Gear Train Assembly, "MGTA", allows to perform diverse assemblies of gearboxes. The student will essentially learn the practice of assembling gear components in transmissions and will be introduced to the technique of mechanical...
GEAR GENERATION UNIT - MGE
  • MGE
Available
14.1.2.2.- VITESSES
MGE
Crémaillère
The Gear Generation Unit, "MGE", has been designed by EDIBON to study rack and pinion systems. With this unit the student can draw by an easy procedure the profile of a tooth, produced by the involute process of the rack when passing over the...
GEARED STUDY - MESE-T
  • MESE-T
Available
7.1.2.2.- VITESSES
MESE-T
Étude des Engrenages
The Geared Study Drive Unit, "MESE", has been designed to dynamically study different gears, including a standard three shaft gear trainfor study, which can be modified with a simple setting to obtain a simple transmission.For the dynamic study...
GEARED LIFTING UNIT - MEE
  • MEE
Available
14.1.2.2.- VITESSES
MEE
Unité de Levage à Engrenages
The Geared Lifting Unit, "MEE", has been designed to study a simple lifting mechanism and its use to determine the speed ratio, its mechanical advantages and efficiency.The unit is mounted on a metal structure with bearings that support the gear...
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