5.2.- MICRORÉSEAUX

Smart grids are evolved networks that manage electricity demand in a sustainable, reliable and economical way. They are characterized by an advanced infrastructure adapted to facilitate the integration of new components into the smart grid.

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The conventional structure of the electrical system of generation, transmission, distribution and consumption of energy is not enough to satisfy the growing energy needs. The smart grid concept originated from the inclusion of renewable energies in that conventional grid together with telecommunications systems that enable to know, in real time, the energy needs thanks to smart meters. The smart meters are bi-directional energy meters with a communication system through which the electricity company knows at all times the end user's electricity consumption. To this end, data concentrators are installed in the transformation centers. They communicate via PLC (power line communication) with the smart meters connected to the same grid. All information regarding the users' electricity consumption is transmitted from the smart meters to the data concentrator and, from there they are transferred to the electricity company through different communication systems via GPRS.

Due to the proliferation of renewable energies and the need to create more efficient and flexible power systems, decentralized generation has become a reality. This is the origin of the Micro-Grids concept. They are bidirectional power generation systems that distribute electricity from various points of energy generation to consumers through digital technology and favoring the integration of renewable energies. However, the coexistence of a large number of generation sources causes some problems in the grid. One of them is to achieve an optimal distribution of power flows in the electrical grid. To solve this problem, different technologies are used for the intelligent control of power flows. These cutting-edge devices are the phase-shifting transformers (PST), the flexible AC transmission systems (FACTS), the static synchronous compensators (STATCOM), the thyristor controlled series capacitors (TCSC) and the Static Frequency Converters (SFC). These technologies are installed in certain electrical substations to control the power flows and power factor of the grid, representing a substantial improvement in the performance of the entire electrical system.

Thanks to this technological evolution that has given rise to Micro-Grids, it has been possible to integrate renewable energy sources, such as wind power and photovoltaic power, into the grid, as well as to include electric vehicles in today's society. In turn, this has significantly reduced greenhouse gases (CO2) and costs and increased the reliability of the electrical system.

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MICROGRID POWER SYSTEMS - AEL-MGP
  • AEL-MGP
Available
5.2.- MICRORÉSEAUX
AEL-MGP

Microgrid Power Systems

The Microgrid Power System, "AEL-MGP", has been designed for the theoretical-practical training on microgrid power systems.Thissystem allows studying the architecture, management and the main control maneuvers carried out in a hybrid context based...
CONVENTIONAL ENERGY POWER PLANT - PWP-CE
Available
5.2.- MICRORÉSEAUX
PWP-CE

Conventional Energy Power Plant

Accessoire de AEL-MGP
Its purpose is, as in a real Micro Grid, to create the basis of the structure of the micro grid and determine the frequency and voltage parameters of the latter. The rest of the power plants will be synchronized to this thanks to the stability...
HYDROELECTRIC ENERGY POWER PLANT - PWP-HE
Available
5.2.- MICRORÉSEAUX
PWP-HE

Hydroelectric Energy Power Plant

Accessoire de AEL-MGP
The purpose of this application is the study of hydroelectric power plants in the context of micro grids. Hydroelectric power plants havea great capacity to supply energy at certain times of maximum demand due to their rapid response.Therefore,...
WIND ENERGY POWER PLANT - PWP-WE
Available
5.2.- MICRORÉSEAUX
PWP-WE

Wind Energy Power Plant

Accessoire de AEL-MGP
The purpose of this application is the study of wind power plants in the context of micro grids. It consists of an induction turbinegeneratorgroup whose purpose is to provide energy to the micro grid by making an intelligent energy distribution...
PHOTOVOLTAIC ENERGY POWER PLANT - PWP-PE
Available
5.2.- MICRORÉSEAUX
PWP-PE

Photovoltaic Energy Power Plant

Accessoire de AEL-MGP
The purpose of this application is the study of photovoltaic power plants in the context of micro grids. It consists of a three-phaseinverter fed with a photovoltaic panel array simulator.The user will be able to set the generation parameters and...
BATTERY ENERGY STORAGE POWER PLANT - PWP-BE
Available
5.2.- MICRORÉSEAUX
PWP-BE

Battery Energy Storage Power Plant

Accessoire de AEL-MGP
The purpose of this application is to demonstrate the importance of energy storage in isolated environments. There are cases in whichdue to the absence of wind or photovoltaic energy we have no other option than to resort to the storage of...
FLYWHEEL ENERGY STORAGE POWER PLANT - PWP-FE
Available
5.2.- MICRORÉSEAUX
PWP-FE

Flywheel Energy Storage Power Plant

Accessoire de AEL-MGP
The purpose of this application is to demonstrate the importance of energy storage in isolated environments. In this case, it is a sophisticated application in charge of storing kinetic energy through a flywheel. It has a bidirectional inverter...