9.1.- FONDEMENTS ET CONCEPTS FONDAMENTAUX DE LA THERMODYNAMIQUE

Thermodynamics is a branch of physics that belongs to the phenomenological science that studies real systems, not modeled, and follows an experimental method. As a consequence, those systems are experimentally defined by approximations and measurement of variables.

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Macroscopically, thermodynamic systems are defined by variables. A large number of thermodynamic variables can be measured, but only one number is needed to determine unequivocally the system, the state functions. Pressure, volume, temperature, entropy and enthalpy are some of the most important state variables.

Changes in the states of matter take place with the modification of the thermodynamic variables. The fundamental states of matter are solid, liquid and gas. There are certain pressure and temperature conditions for each element or compound at which changes of state occur.

The concept of ideal gas has been introduced to simplify real thermodynamic systems and the changes of state generated. They are defined by the ideal gas equation PV = nRT. An ideal incompressible liquid is approximated in the same way.

In a closed system with liquid, there is a thermodynamic equilibrium between the liquid and its vapor phase. The evolution of the pressure and temperature of the system in equilibrium define the pressure curve of the vapor and the existing state is called saturation state. From that evolution, the temperature-pressure diagram is represented.

The study of these concepts is of great importance in practice, essentially applied to water. For example, the specification of moisture, contraction and expansion levels of the ideal matter is then applied in actual thermal machines, such as turbines, nozzles, steam engines for the evaluation of operation schemes.

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PRODUITS DE FONDEMENTS ET CONCEPTS FONDAMENTAUX DE LA THERMODYNAMIQUE
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THERMAL EXPANSION TRAINING UNIT - TEDT
  • TEDT
Available
9.5.- SYSTÈME DE TUYAUTERIE HYDRAULIQUE THERMIQUE
TEDT

Équipement de Pratiques en Expansion Thérmique

The Thermal Expansion Training Unit, “TEDT”, allows to study the thermal expansion of different pipe sections and the thermal expansion force.It comprises original components as used in heating and sanitation systems.This unit provides...
BOMB CALORIMETER - TBCF
  • TBCF
Available
9.1.- FONDEMENTS ET CONCEPTS FONDAMENTAUX DE LA THERMODYNAMIQUE
TBCF

Bombe Calorimétrique

Bomb Calorimeter, "TBCF", comprises the calorimeter, a calorimeter vessel, an outer double walled water jacket, control unit to switch on/off the stirrer and the ignition device, an accurate thermometer and charging unit with pressure gauges to...
COMPUTER CONTROLLED MARCET BOILER UNIT - TECMC
  • TECMC
Available
9.1.- FONDEMENTS ET CONCEPTS FONDAMENTAUX DE LA THERMODYNAMIQUE
TECMC

Équipement de Chaudière Marcet, Contrôlé par Ordinateur (PC)

The Computer Controlled Marcet Boiler Unit "TECMC" is an unit designed to demonstrate the relationship between pressure and temperature of the saturated steam for comparison with published results.The unit consists of an insulated stainless steel...
TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENT UNIT - TMT
  • TMT
Available
9.1.- FONDEMENTS ET CONCEPTS FONDAMENTAUX DE LA THERMODYNAMIQUE
TMT

Équipement de Mesure de Température

The Temperature Measurement Unit, “TMT”, works as a temperature meter that uses different temperatures measuring devices to compare, check and analyze the temperature and how is the precision for the measure and for the device that the student has...
TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENT TRAINING UNIT - TEMT
  • TEMT
Available
9.10.3.- INSTALLATIONS ET MAINTENANCE
TEMT

Équipement de Formation pour Mesures de Température

The Temperature Measurement Training Unit, “TEMT”, allows to compare the response of several devices to measure the temperature for different flows and different installation position of these devices.The unit includes four different measuring...
RECYCLE LOOPS UNIT - TRLB
  • TRLB
Available
9.1.- FONDEMENTS ET CONCEPTS FONDAMENTAUX DE LA THERMODYNAMIQUE
TRLB

Équipement de Boucles de Recyclage

The Recycle Loops Unit, "TRLB", has been designed to demonstrate, both visually and experimentally, what a recycle loop is and how itworks. It has many teaching applications, among them the performance of mass and energy balances under stable and...
AIR HUMIDITY MEASUREMENT UNIT - TMHA
  • TMHA
Available
9.2.- CHAUFFAGE, VENTILATION, CLIMATISATION ET EAU CHAUDE
TMHA

Équipement de Mesure d'Humidité de l'Air

The Air Humidity Measurement Unit, “TMHA”, enables the differences in accuracy between different instruments to measure the air relativehumidity. It also includes a fan to show the effects of airflow on the different instruments.A mobile metallic...
NOZZLE PRESSURE DISTRIBUTION UNIT - TPT
  • TPT
Available
9.1.- FONDEMENTS ET CONCEPTS FONDAMENTAUX DE LA THERMODYNAMIQUE
TPT

Unité de Distribution de Pression à la Buse

The Nozzle Pressure Distribution Unit “TPT” has been designed to demonstrate the phenomena associated to fluxes through nozzles and to allow the students investigating quickly the pressure distribution in them.The Nozzle Pressure Distribution...