4.3.- ELECTRICAL MACHINES

Electric machines are devices capable of transforming any form of energy into electrical energy and vice versa. They are classified into three major groups: electric generators, electric motors and transformers.

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Electric generators transform mechanical energy into electrical energy, while electric motors transform electrical energy into mechanical energy. In turn, electric motors are classified into DC motors and AC motors. Unlike the previous ones, the transformers conserve the same type of energy, only transforming the voltage levels. The operation of electrical machines is based on the principles of electromagnetism.

The first electromechanical generator was built by Faraday based on the electromagnetic induction phenomenon. Some time later, Ampère developed the first permanentmagnet generator. But it was Galileo Ferraris who took the final step with the discovery of the rotating magnetic field.

An important aspect in electrical machines is the type of drive used to control them. Nowadays, the use of variable frequency drives and PLCs for the advanced control of squirrel-cage induction motors, servomotors, DC motors, etc. Is very frequent. The variable frequency drives allow precise control of the torque and speed of rotation of these machines. They have different types of protections, such as overcurrent and overload protections. In addition, variable frequency drives usually have digital and analog signals for the automation of different processes in which the corresponding electric motor will take part. More economical and simple are the electronic starters for electrical machines. This type of drive allows the start of a high-power electric motor, reducing starting transient currents. Other more conventional drives, still used for their low cost, are manual star-delta starters. The star-delta starter reduces the starting currents of the squirrel-cage motors, causing less disturbances and transient imbalances in the electrical grid.

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ELECTRICAL MACHINES UNITS
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SINGLE-PHASE TRANSFORMER APPLICATION - AEL-SPTT
  • AEL-SPTT
Available
4.3.1.- TRANSFORMERS APPLICATIONS
AEL-SPTT
Single-Phase Transformer Application
The AEL-SPTT Single-Phase Transformer Trainer has been designed by Edibon to allow the students to learn how realice different single-phase transformer test and how they work. With this trainer, the user can realice the open circuit and short...
THREE-PHASE TRANSFORMER APPLICATION - AEL-TPTT
  • AEL-TPTT
Available
4.3.1.- TRANSFORMERS APPLICATIONS
AEL-TPTT
Three-Phase Transformer Application
The Three-Phase Transformer Application, "AEL-TPTT", has been designed to study the basic operating principles of three-phase transformers as well as to study the most relevant tests carried out on these electrical machines. There are two such...
ELECTROTECHNICS APPLICATION (TRANSFORMERS) - AEL-AI13-D
  • AEL-AI13-D
Available
4.3.1.- TRANSFORMERS APPLICATIONS
AEL-AI13-D
Electrotechnics Application (Transformers)
The Electrotechnics Application (Transformers), "AEL-AI13-D", is a basic application which has been designed by EDIBON to introduce the students in the basic concepts about how three-phase and single-phase transformers work.Transformers are used...
FAULT SIMULATION APPLICATION IN THREE PHASE TRANSFORMERS - AEL-ESAT
  • AEL-ESAT
Available
4.3.1.- TRANSFORMERS APPLICATIONS
AEL-ESAT
Fault Simulation Application in Three Phase Transformers
The Fault Simulation Application in Three Phase Transformers, "AEL-ESAT", has been designed by EDIBON to simulate non-destructive faults in three-phase transformers and application of diagnostic and localization techniques.This application allows...
INTEGRATED LABORATORY FOR ELECTRICAL MACHINES: - LIMEL
  • LIMEL
Available
4.3.2.2.- DC ELECTRICAL MOTORS AND GENERATORS
LIMEL
Integrated Laboratory for Electrical Machines:
LIMEL, Electrical Machines Integrated Laboratory is a set of different elements that can be interconnected to form a complete learning and teaching center. From the minimum configuration to the most advanced one (always depending on the customer’s...
ENERGY EFFICIENCY IN ELECTRICAL MOTORS APPLICATION - AEL-EEEM
  • AEL-EEEM
Available
4.3.2.1.- AC ELECTRICAL MOTORS AND GENERATORS
AEL-EEEM
Energy Efficiency in Electrical Motors Application
The Energy Efficiency in Electrical Motors Application, "AEL-EEEM" has been designed by EDIBON to allow the students to understand how cutting-edge devices used in high performance systems to control electrical motors work : frequency controllers...
COMPUTER CONTROLLED HYBRID AND ELECTRIC VEHICLES APPLICATION - AEL-EHV
  • AEL-EHVC
Available
2.5.- AUTOMOTIVE ELECTRONICS
AEL-EHVC
Computer Controlled Hybrid and Electric Vehicles Application
The Computer Controlled Hybrid and Electric Vehicles Application, "AEL-EHVC", is an application designed by EDIBON for the theoretical and practical training of the different topologies of electric/hybrid vehicles most used today.Given the...
ELECTRICAL MACHINES SOFT STARTERS APPLICATION - AEL-EMSS
  • AEL-EMSS
Available
4.3.2.1.- AC ELECTRICAL MOTORS AND GENERATORS
AEL-EMSS
Electrical Machines Soft Starters Application
The Electrical Machines Soft Starters Application, "AEL-EMSS", has been designed by EDIBON to instruct the student in managing soft-starters of three-phase electrical machines. This application basically consists of three types of optional...
ELECTROTECHNICS APPLICATION (MOTORS) - AEL-AI13-C
  • AEL-AI13-C
Available
4.3.2.1.- AC ELECTRICAL MOTORS AND GENERATORS
AEL-AI13-C
Electrotechnics Application (Motors)
The Electrotechnics Application (Motors), "AEL-AI13-C", has been designed by EDIBON to study different motor types: single-phase induction motor with starting and running capacitor, universal motor, three-phase squirrel cage induction motor.This...
ELECTRICAL MACHINES RELAYS PROTECTION UNIT - AEL-EMRP
  • AEL-EMRP
Available
4.3.2.1.- AC ELECTRICAL MOTORS AND GENERATORS
AEL-EMRP
Electrical Machines Relays Protection Unit
The Electrical Machines Relays Protection Unit, "AEL-EMRP" has been designed by EDIBON to study the elementary protections for three phase squirrel cage induction motors.In order to study the behavior of the electrical machines protections, this...
MOTOR MANAGEMENT RELAYS APPLICATION - AEL-MMRT
  • AEL-MMRT
Available
4.3.2.1.- AC ELECTRICAL MOTORS AND GENERATORS
AEL-MMRT
Motor Management Relays Application
The Motor Management Relays Application, "AEL-MMRT", has been designed by EDIBON in order to study the behavior of three-phase induction motors when they are managed with a PLC.This application allows the students learning the main operations and...
ADVANCED AC ELECTRICAL MOTORS APPLICATION - AEL-ACEMT
  • AEL-ACEMT
Available
4.3.2.1.- AC ELECTRICAL MOTORS AND GENERATORS
AEL-ACEMT
Advanced AC Electrical Motors Application
The Advanced AC Electrical Motors Application, "AEL-ACEMT", has been designed by Edibon to carry out electrical/mechanical test for a great variety of AC motors. Such tests allow obtaining the most significant electrical and mechanical...
APPLICATION OF AC THREE-PHASE INDUCTION MOTOR OF SQUIRREL CAGE - AEL-ACINA
  • AEL-ACINA
Available
4.3.2.1.- AC ELECTRICAL MOTORS AND GENERATORS
AEL-ACINA
Application of AC Three-Phase Induction Motor of Squirrel Cage
The Application of AC Three-Phase Induction Motor of Squirrel Cage, "AEL-ACINA", is designed for the study of the main operations performed in the industrial field with three-phase squirrel cage induction motors. The student will learn the most...
APPLICATION OF AC DAHLANDER THREE-PHASE INDUCTION MOTOR - AEL-ACDHA
  • AEL-ACDHA
Available
4.3.2.1.- AC ELECTRICAL MOTORS AND GENERATORS
AEL-ACDHA
Application of AC Dahlander Three-Phase Induction Motor
The Application of AC Dahlander Three-Phase Induction Motor, "AEL-ACDHA", is designed for the study of the main operations performed in the industrial field with dahlander electrical motors.The student will learn the most important operations of...
APPLICATION OF AC THREE-PHASE INDUCTION MOTOR OF WOUND ROTOR - AEL-ACWRA
  • AEL-ACWRA
Available
4.3.2.1.- AC ELECTRICAL MOTORS AND GENERATORS
AEL-ACWRA
Application of AC Three-Phase Induction Motor of Wound Rotor
The Application of AC Three-Phase Induction Motor of Wound Rotor, "AEL-ACWRA", is designed for the study of the main operations performed in the industrial field with this three-phase induction motors with wound rotor.The student will understand...
APPLICATION OF AC LINEAR MOTOR OPERATIONS - AEL-ACLA
  • AEL-ACLA
Available
4.3.2.1.- AC ELECTRICAL MOTORS AND GENERATORS
AEL-ACLA
Application of AC Linear Motor Operations
The Application of AC Linear Motor Operations, "AEL-ACLA", has been designed by EDIBON to study how AC linear induction motors (LIM) work.This application includes all necessary to understand the basic principles of linear motors. On the one hand,...
  • AEL-ACRL
Available
4.3.2.1.- AC ELECTRICAL MOTORS AND GENERATORS
AEL-ACRL
AC Three-Phase Reluctance Motors Application
The AC Three-Phase Reluctance Motors Application, "AEL-ACRL", has been designed is to study the storage of the working principle and the main industrial operations fulfilled with three-phase reluctance motors.The "AEL-ACRL" allows the user to...
APPLICATION OF ASYNCHRONOUS SINGLE-PHASE MOTOR WITH SPLIT PHASE - AEL-ACSPA
  • AEL-ACSPA
Available
4.3.2.1.- AC ELECTRICAL MOTORS AND GENERATORS
AEL-ACSPA
Application of Asynchronous Single-Phase Motor with Split Phase
The Application of Asynchronous Single-Phase Motor with Split Phase, "AEL-ACSPA" is designed for the study of the main operations performed in the industrial field with split phase electrical motors.The student will learn the most important...
MODULAR APPLICATION (AC MOTORS) - AEL-AI12
  • AEL-AI12
Available
4.3.2.1.- AC ELECTRICAL MOTORS AND GENERATORS
AEL-AI12
Modular Application (AC Motors)
The Modular Application (AC Motors), "AEL-AI12", has been designed by EDIBON in order to instruct the students about the most important operations of alternating current motors.This application consists of several elements which allows the user...
SQUIRREL CAGE INDUCTION MOTORS STARTER APPLICACION - AEL-SCIMS
  • AEL-SCIMS
Available
4.3.2.1.- AC ELECTRICAL MOTORS AND GENERATORS
AEL-SCIMS
Squirrel Cage Induction Motors Starter Application
The Squirrel Cage Induction Motors Starter Application, "AEL-SCIMS", is an application designed by EDIBON to study the starting and control methods of three-phase squirrel cage induction motors in industrial installations.These motors are one of...
ALTERNATORS STUDY APPLICATION - AEL-EEA
  • AEL-EEA
Available
4.3.2.1.- AC ELECTRICAL MOTORS AND GENERATORS
AEL-EEA
Alternators Study Application
The Alternator Study Application, "AEL-EEA", has been designed by EDIBON to study the behavior of three-phase synchronous generators with independent excitation.This application consists of a motor-generator group and a series of modules that...
HIGH POWER SYNCHRONOUS GENERATORS APPLICATION - AEL-HPSG
  • AEL-HPSG
Available
5.1.3.1.- POWER GENERATION
AEL-HPSG
High Power Synchronous Generators Application
The High Power Synchronous Generators Application, "AEL-HPSG", has been designed by EDIBON to study the procedure and the maneuvers required for the synchronization of synchronous generators with the grid, with the aim of delivering the generated...
LOW POWER SYNCHRONOUS GENERATORS APPLICATION - AEL-LPSG
  • AEL-LPSG
Available
5.1.3.1.- POWER GENERATION
AEL-LPSG
Low Power Synchronous Generators Application
The Low Power Synchronous Generators Application, "AEL-LPSG", has been designed to study the procedure and the maneuvers requiredfor the synchronization of synchronous generators with the grid, with the aim of delivering the generated energy as...
AC THREE-PHASE INDUCTION MOTORS APPLICATION - AEL-ACEM
  • AEL-ACEM
Available
4.3.2.1.- AC ELECTRICAL MOTORS AND GENERATORS
AEL-ACEM
AC Three-Phase Induction Motors Application
This AC Three-Phase Induction Motors Application, "AEL-ACEM", consists of a base equipment which is formed by several modules such as power supplies, push buttons, three-phase autotransformer, A.C. ammeter, circuit breakers, timers, flywheel, etc....
MOTOR-GENERATOR GROUP - AEL-EGMG24
  • AEL-EGMG24
Available
4.3.2.1.- AC ELECTRICAL MOTORS AND GENERATORS
AEL-EGMG24
Motor-Generator Group
The Motor-Generator Group, "AEL-EGMG24" application has been designed by EDIBON in order to study the behavior of permanent magnet alternator with main motor control.With this application, the student will be able to train the permanent magnet...
FAULTS SIMULATION APPLICATION IN ELECTRICAL MOTORS - AEL-ESAM
  • AEL-ESAM
Available
4.3.2.1.- AC ELECTRICAL MOTORS AND GENERATORS
AEL-ESAM
Faults Simulation Application in Electrical Motors
The Faults Simulation Application in Electrical Motors, "AEL-ESAM", has been designed by EDIBON to simulate non-destructive faults in three-phase motors and application of diagnostic and localization techniques.This application allows simulating...
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