Physics is the science that studies all phenomena involved in the reality that surrounds us, in other words, constitute, interact with and take part in it. Its origins go back to ancient Greece, with contributions from philosophers such as Aristotle or Epicurus, although it was traditionally regarded as part of other branches of knowledge such as philosophy or mathematics. It was not until the Scientific Revolution of the 17th century when it was recognized the importance it deserves and became a modern science, thanks to the contributions of scientists such as Galileo, Newton or Einstein.

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During its development over the last centuries, it has been demonstrated that physics is the central or fundamental science of the universe as we know it. Disciplines such as chemistry, biology or electronics are intimately linked to it, since they are part of its field of study.

The scientific method has been used to formulate the aforementioned theories. Therefore, it is important to differentiate between Theoretical Physics (mathematical approach and development) and Experimental Physics (obtaining real results from theoretical approaches).

Given the range of its definition, five main theories can be distinguished:

    • Classical mechanics
    • Electromagnetism
    • Relativity
    • Thermodynamics
    • Quantum mechanics

Nowadays, thanks to experimentation, it is possible to reach an unprecedented level of knowledge of the elements that surround us, achieving scientific developments unimaginable in the past century. Industry benefits from these advances, which revolutionize, among others, the production of energy and production processes used so far.

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Traditionally, in the educational field, physical phenomena have been interpreted as scalar and vector magnitudes in two dimensions. A three-dimensional interpretation of phenomena under study helps to achieve a more faithful study of their real behavior. This interpretation is known as 3D...
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