9.9.- INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES

An internal combustion engine is a fluid-mechanic machine that converts the chemical energy of the fuel-air mixture into mechanical energy after a combustion process in the working cylinder. In the combustion, the energy contained in the fuel is released by its ignition and subsequent oxidation inside the engine.

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The main types of internal combustion engines are:

    • Otto cycle piston engine: it is the conventional gasoline engine.
    • Diesel engine: it works with diesel fuel.

Otto and diesel engines have the same main elements (engine block, piston, connecting rod, crankshaft, valves and cylinder head) and contain the same systems (fuel supply, distribution, ignition, cooling and starting) except some specific elements, such as the carburetor for the Otto engine or the injector for the diesel engine.

Depending on the operating cycle, internal combustion engines can be classified into:

    • Two-stroke engine: the piston completes one stroke per revolution.
    • Four-stroke engine: the piston completes two strokes per revolution.

These engines stand out among other propulsion methods for several reasons:

    • High range, due to the high calorific value of fuels.
    • Wide variety of powers.
    • Great amount of manufacturing possibilities.

It is important to study the combustion emissions of these engines since they are one of the main pollutants at present. Although the pollution values are not representative individually, they are a harmful source when referred as a whole, taking into account that engines are installed in most motor vehicles.

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INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES UNITS
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COMPUTER CONTROLLED EXHAUST GAS CALORIMETER - TBMC-CG
  • TBMC-CG
Available
7.2.3.- ENGINES
TBMC-CG

Computer Controlled Exhaust Gas Calorimeter

The TBMC-CG Exhaust Gases Calorimeter developed by EDIBON is a suitable teaching equipment to measure the heat contained in the exhaust gases of a engine.The Thermal energy emitted by an engine to exterior is considered as a loss.The calorimeter...
EXHAUST GAS ANALYZER - TBMC-AGE
  • TBMC-AGE
Available
7.2.3.- ENGINES
TBMC-AGE

Exhaust Gas Analyzer

Measurement of the volumetric concentrations according to the procedure of nondispersiva infrared absorption.Engines selection: Gasoline, Butane (GPL), Propano, 2/4 times, 1/2/3/4/5/6/8/12 cylinders.Fast WarmUp of the measure cell.Auto-Check...
PORTABLE FLUE GAS ANALYZER - PFGA
  • PFGA
Available
9.9.- INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES
PFGA

Portable Flue Gas Analyzer

The PFGA unit is a flue gas analyzer stored in a portable case. It is used to check the existence of O2, CO, CO2 and nitrogen oxides in the flue gases from home heating systems with simultaneous measurement of the flue gases temperature and the...
COMPUTER CONTROLLED TEST BENCH FOR HYBRID ENGINE - TMHC
  • TMHC
Available
7.2.3.- ENGINES
TMHC

Computer Controlled Test Bench for Hybrid Engine

The Computer Controlled Test Bench for Hybrid Engine, "TMHC", is a teaching unit that allows to study and analyze the power source of a hybrid vehicle, consisting on a combination of an electrical motor and an internal combustion engine.These two...
COMPUTER CONTROLLED AXIAL FLOW GAS TURBINE/ JET ENGINE - TGFAC
  • TGFAC
Available
9.9.- INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES
TGFAC

Computer Controlled Axial Flow Gas Turbine/ Jet Engine

The main element of the “TGFAC” unit is the gas turbine, which consists of:Axial compressor, supplied by atmospheric air that will be compressed afterwards.Annular combustion chamber, where fuel is added to the compressed air and that mixture is...