# 8.- FLUID MECHANICS

The branch of Fluid Mechanics studies the laws of the behavior of fluids at rest (fluid statics) or in motion (fluid dynamics) and their interaction processes with solid bodies. A fluid is considered to be a substance that can flow, in other words, move. Among them there are liquids (water, oil, alcohol, milk, sulfuric acid, gasoline) and gases (air, oxygen, nitrogen, helium, argon, methane, butane, natural gas).

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The fluids can be found everywhere in the everyday life, from the air that surrounds us, the water in the pools and for irrigation, the hydraulic system that allows us to brake in our car, heating or air conditioning, to our own blood system. Fluid studies are based on the well-known Archimedes and Pascal’s principles, Bernoulli’s equation, Venturi effect or Darcy's law, among others. The field of Fluid Mechanics Engineering that seeks applicability is studied empirically and mathematically, highlighting dimensionless numbers such as Reynolds, Prandtl, Mach and Froude. The importance of the fluid mechanics principles have left common inventions, such as water transfers by channels, maritime and air transport, hydraulic, thermal and pneumatic machines, solutions to the problems of cavitation or water hammer in pipes, hydraulic and pneumatic transmissions and controls, etc.

Given the relevance of fluids in diverse applications, it is important to know their nature, that is to say, the type of fluid and describe it based on its properties. The most significant ones are: pressure, temperature, volume, density, viscosity, compressibility, specific heat, thermal expansion and miscibility.

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FLUID MECHANICS SUBCATEGORIES

8.1.- FLUID MECHANICS MODULAR LABORATORY

Hydraulics is the branch of science that deals with the mechanical properties of fluids, and Fluid Mechanics is the basis of Hydraulics. EDIBON tries to meet, in a simple and practical way, the academic demands of teaching and learning of the Fluid Mechanics basis. To that end, it has a flexible...
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8.2.- MEASUREMENT

Metrology is the science that studies the measurement of magnitudes. It is based on the process that seeks to establish a relationship between a reference value and the object or phenomenon whose magnitude must be quantified and obtain an expression of the measurement.The measurements must be...
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8.3.- HYDROSTATICS

Hydrostatics is the branch of fluid mechanics that studies the associated phenomena and behavior that occur when a fluid is in a container and there are no forces that modify the state of the liquid at rest or in motion. By contrast, hydrodynamics studies fluids in motion.Hydrostatics is based on...
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8.4.- FLOW VISUALIZATION

The flow of fluids belongs to the branch of fluid dynamics. The studies focus on understanding the motion of fluids, determined by Newton's laws, the laws of conservation of mass and energy and other laws, such as the Stokes, the Reynolds number or Prandt, among others.The fluid motion and...
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8.5.- HYDRAULIC CHANNELS

Water is the fundamental element used by living beings and, since ancient times, different devices have been developed for its distribution and consumption, such as channels.The hydraulic or open channel or, simply, channel is defined as a piping system open to the atmosphere and used to...
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8.6.- AERODYNAMICS

Aerodynamics is the part of fluid mechanics that studies the gases in motion and the forces or reactions to which the bodies that interact with those gases are subjected. Apart from the importance of aerodynamics in itself, the value of its contribution to aeronautics must be added. According to...
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8.7.- FLUID MACHINES

A special app,lication area in fluid mechanics is the one responsible for the study of fluid machines. Fluid machines are devices that convert the energy of the fluid that passes through them or transfer energy to the fluid. That fluid can be gas, steam or liquid.Based on this definition, fluid...
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8.8.- FLUID PIPING SYSTEM

In engineering, a fluid piping system is defined as the structure or construction that transports a fluid from a source to the required destination. Two types of conduits are distinguished: closed conduits (pipes, tunnels or culverts) and open conduits (natural currents). Flow in closed conduits...
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8.9.- INSTALLATIONS AND MAINTENANCE

The needs of today's society are a challenge for any industry, since they have to be in continuous evolution and renewal to adapt to those needs.In recent years, as a result of the new industrial revolution or "Industry 4.0", the emergence of the "Industrial Internet of Things" ("IIoT") and the...
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## FLUID MECHANICS UNITS

Showing 1-30 of 168 item(s)
• LIFLUBA
Available
8.1.7.- HYDRAULIC MACHINES: TURBINES

### LIFLUBA

#### Basic Fluids Mechanics Integrated Laboratory

Hydraulics is the branch of science that deals with the mechanical properties of fluids, and Fluid Mechanics provides the foundation for hydraulics.With LIFLUBA (Basic Fluids Mechanics Integrated Laboratory), EDIBON tries to give answer to the...
• FME00
Available
8.1.1.- BASE UNITS

### FME00

#### Hydraulics Bench

The Hydraulics Bench, "FME00", designed by EDIBON, allows the study of fluid behaviour, hydraulic theory and the properties of fluid mechanics.It is formed by a movable hydraulics bench used to hold a wide variety of modules, which allow the...
• FME00/B
Available
8.1.1.- BASE UNITS

### FME00/B

#### Basic Hydraulic Feed System

The Basic Hydraulic Feed System, "FME00/B", designed by EDIBON is a service unit for different Fluid Mechanics Units as: "FME" type modules, Fluid Friction in Pipes Unit "AFT", etc., increasing the equipment profitability.
• FME02
Available
8.1.2.- MEASUREMENT

### FME02

#### Flow over Weirs

The Flow over Weirs, "FME02", designed by EDIBON, has many elements that are used in combination with the Hydraulics Bench (FME00): A special mouthpiece is coupled to the outlet mouthpiece for water in the Hydraulics Bench (FME00).Two soothing...
• FME10
Available
8.1.2.- MEASUREMENT

### FME10

The Pressure Gauge Calibrator, "FME10", designed by EDIBON, allows the study of the operation of a Bourdon type pressure gauge using a standard set of calibrated weights and the determination and the study of the pressure gauge hysteresis...
• FME37
Available
8.1.2.- MEASUREMENT

### FME37

#### Flowmeter Calibrator

The Flowmeter Calibrator, "FME37", designed by EDIBON, allows for the assessment of the accuracy and performance of the most commonly used flow meters. It features a panel of four-tube pressure gauges displaying pressure differences at various...
• FME18
Available
8.1.2.- MEASUREMENT

### FME18

#### Flow Meter Demonstration

The Flow Meter Demonstration, "FME18", designed by EDIBON, allows through 3 different flow measurement accessories: Venturi tube, orifice plate and a variable area meter installed in series in the unit, the study to find the flow rate of the fluid...
• FME26
Available
8.1.2.- MEASUREMENT

### FME26

#### Depression Measurement System (vacuum gauge)

The Depression Measurement System (vacuum gauge), "FME 26", is designed to be connected to the inlet of some flow aspiration system, in a way that we could measure the depression made by the so-called aspiration system. Such system will be...
• FME30
Available
8.1.2.- MEASUREMENT

### FME30

#### Transparent Vortex Flow Meter

The Transparent Vortex Flow Meter, "FME30", designed by EDIBON allows to perform studies and experiments of different volumetric and mass flow measurement methods, as well as the comparison of continuous and discontinuous methods.This unit...
• FME30/I
Available
8.1.2.- MEASUREMENT

### FME30/I

#### Vortex Flow Meter

The Vortex Flowmeter, "FME30/I", designed by EDIBON, allows to perform different studies and experiments of various volumetric and mass flow measurement methods, as well as the comparison of continuous and discontinuous methods.This unit includes...
• FME32
Available
8.1.2.- MEASUREMENT

### FME32

#### Static Pitot Tube

The Static Pitot Tube, "FME32", designed by EDIBON, the change in flow speed within a tube can be determined.The Pitot static tube can be moved across the whole cross-section of the tube, and thus to measure the pressure profile.This tube is...
• FME34
Available
8.1.2.- MEASUREMENT

### FME34

#### Fluid Statics and Manometry

The Fluid Statics and Manometry, "FME34", designed by EDIBON, allows the study of static fluids and manometry providing the user with an introduction in the behavior of liquids under hydrostatic conditions (fluids at standstill) and the...
• FME36
Available
8.1.2.- MEASUREMENT

### FME36

#### Rotameter

The Rotameter, "FME36", designed by EDIBON, is a variable area flowmeter with floater. This type of flowmeter can be used for flow measurements in almost any environment.The operation mode of this type of flowmeter is based on the fact that if a...
• FME38
Available
8.1.6.- HYDRAULIC MACHINES: PUMPS

### FME38

#### Hydraulic Ram Pump

The Hydraulic Ram Pump, "FME38", designed by EDIBON, utilizes the water hammer effect to raise water to a higher level than its power source. It operates by harnessing the rapid change in water velocity in a pipe that occurs when its flow is...
• BDAS
Available
8.1.7.- HYDRAULIC MACHINES: TURBINES

### BDAS

#### Data Acquisition System and Sensors

BDAS is designed to monitor the measurements of each unit type "FME" from a computer (PC).This system can monitor any unit, checking the revolutions given by the water pump or the torque, differential pressures for Bernoulli theorems, pressure...
• FME08
Available
8.1.3.- HYDROSTATICS

### FME08

#### Hydrostatic Pressure

The Surface Pressure Unit, "FME08", designed by EDIBON, allows to study the center of pressures with a partially or totally submerged quadrant.This unit consists of a quadrant mounted on the arm of a balance that pivots around an axis.When the...
• FME11
Available
8.1.3.- HYDROSTATICS

### FME11

#### Metacentric Height Demostration

The Metacentric Height Demonstration Unit, "FME11", designed by EDIBON, allows the study of the stability of a floating object by calculating its metacentric height.The unit consists of a floating methacrylate prismatic base, on which a vertical...
• FME11-A
Available
8.1.3.- HYDROSTATICS

### FME11-A

#### Metacentric Height Demostration of a "V" Shaped Floating Body

The Metacentric Height Demostration of a "V" Shaped Floating Object, "FME11-A", designed by EDIBON, allows the study of the stability of a floating object by calculating the metacentric height of a floating object starting from a V-shaped floating...
• FME11-B
Available
8.1.3.- HYDROSTATICS

### FME11-B

#### Metacentric Height Demostration of a "U" Shaped Floating Body

The Metacentric Height Demostration of a "U" Shaped Floating Object, "FME11-B", designed by EDIBON, allows the study of the stability of a floating object by calculating its metacentric height starting from a U-shaped floating body.The unit...
• FME33
Available
8.1.3.- HYDROSTATICS

### FME33

#### Pascal's Principle Demonstration

The Pascal's Principle Demonstration Unit, "FME33", designed by EDIBON, allows to demonstrate Pascal's principle, i.e. that the pressure in an incompressible fluid is independent of the column size section but depends only on its height (liquid...
• FME35
Available
8.1.3.- HYDROSTATICS

### FME35

#### Fluid Properties

The Fluid Properties Unit, "FME35", designed by EDIBON, allows the study of the fluids fundamental properties that affect their behavior in practical applications.We can study capillarity, density and relative density (specific gravity), buoyancy...
• FME01
Available
8.1.4.- HYDRODYNAMICS

### FME01

#### Jet Impact on Surfaces

The unit consists of a cylindrical tank with lateral transparent surfaces where a nozzle, connected to the Hydraulics Bench (FME00), is aligned with a device in which the problem surface is fitted. The vertical force made by the water against the...
• FME03
Available
8.1.4.- HYDRODYNAMICS

### FME03

#### Bernoulli's Theorem Demonstration

The Bernoulli's Theorem Demonstration unit, "FME03", designed by EDIBON is mainly composed of a circular section pipe with the shape of a truncated cone, transparent and with seven pressure taps that allows to measure, simultaneously, the static...
• FME04
Available
8.1.4.- HYDRODYNAMICS

### FME04

#### Orifice Discharge

The Orifice Discharge Unit, "FME04", designed by EDIBON allows the study of the different concentration, discharge and velocity coefficients for thin and/or thick wall for different types: colloidal, Venturi or diaphragm.The unit consists of a...
• FME14
Available
8.1.4.- HYDRODYNAMICS

### FME14

#### Free and Forced Vortex

The Forced and Free Vortex unit, "FME14", designed by EDIBON, allows the study of the fluid rotation in relation to an axis and the study of circular flow at changing velocities.The unit has a cylindrical and transparent deposit with two inlet...
• FME17
Available
8.1.4.- HYDRODYNAMICS

### FME17

#### Orifice and Free Jet Flow

The Orifice and Free Jet Flow unit, "FME17", designed by EDIBON, allows the study of the different discharge and velocity coefficients in permanent or variable regime as well as the calculation of the discharge times.The unit consists of a...
• FME19
Available
8.1.4.- HYDRODYNAMICS

### FME19

#### Cavitation Phenomenon Demonstration

The Cavitation Phenomenon Demonstration unit, "FME19", designed by EDIBON is composed of a Venturi tube with a rectangular cross section, one of its sides being transparent, allowing a better visualization of the cavitation phenomenon.It includes...
• FME22
Available
8.1.4.- HYDRODYNAMICS

### FME22

#### Venturi, Bernoulli and Cavitation Unit

The Venturi, Bernoulli and Cavitation unit, "FME22", has been designed by EDIBON to demonstrate some of the practical possibilities that can be achieved with a Venturi tube.This unit is designed for demonstrating some practical possibilities with...