# 10.1.- THEORETICAL - PRACTICAL FUNDAMENTALS

Automatic control is the branch of engineering that deals with the regulation of the operation of equipment, processes or complete plants, using a set of devices and mechanisms called control system. The open-loop control systems act on the input of the system (actuator) without taking into account the value of the output. However, the operation of the closed-loop systems isbased on the feedback of the parameter to be controlled (controlled variable). In these systems, a sensor measures the corresponding variable and, by means of a controller, the measured value is compared with the desired value (setpoint). Depending on the difference obtained in the comparison (error), an action is carried out on the control variable...

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The classical control theory establishes two important steps when designing a suitable control strategy: the system identification and the control algorithm definition. In the identification process, the most commonly used methods are based on the analysis of the system time response (reaction curve method), the analysis of the frequency response (Bode plot) or on obtaining a mathematical model based on the Laplace transform. Depending on the system model obtained (for example, a first order system, a second order system or an integrator) and the specifications to be fulfilled (a certain peak time in a closed-loop, a certain time constant, etc.), an appropriate control strategy is proposed. The PID control (proportional-integral-derivative) and those strategies based on this type of control (cascade control, multivariable control, feedforward control, selective control, etc.) are the most important ones, together with the phase lead compensators and phase lag compensators.

Due to the advantages provided by the control systems, new identification methods and advanced control algorithms are being studied. Some examples are the ARM, ARMAX and least squares fitting identification methods and the adaptive control, the predictive control and the fuzzy control algorithms.

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THEORETICAL - PRACTICAL FUNDAMENTALS UNITS
Showing 1-17 of 17 item(s)
• RYC/B
Available
6.1.1.1.- THEORETICAL-PRACTICAL FUNDAMENTALS
RYC/B
##### Basic Teaching Unit for the Study of Regulation and Control
The Basic Teaching Unit for the Study of Regulation and Control, "RYC/B", allows the user to learn the basics about regulation and control of first and second order systems.This unit enables to carry a set of practices related with basic...
• RYC/T
Available
10.1.- THEORETICAL - PRACTICAL FUNDAMENTALS
RYC/T
##### Computer Controlled Modular Control and Regulation Unit
Regulation and control theory is divided into two major divisions in, namely, classical and modern. The implementation of classical controller designs as compared to systems designed using modern control theory is easier and these controllers are...
Available
6.1.1.1.- THEORETICAL-PRACTICAL FUNDAMENTALS
RYC
##### Computer Controlled Teaching Unit for the Study of Regulation and Control
Accessory of RYC/T
Regulation and control theory is divided into two major divisions in, namely, classical and modern. The implementation of classical controller designs as compared to systems designed using modern control theory is easier and these controllers are...
Available
6.1.1.1.- THEORETICAL-PRACTICAL FUNDAMENTALS
RYC-BB
##### Ball and Beam Module
Accessory of RYC, RYC/T
The "RYC-BB" Ball and Beam module has been designed to study a practical control system, through the study of a classical control system, the Ball and Beam Control system.The "RYC-BB" module consists of two main components: the "RYC-BB" apparatus...
Available
6.1.1.1.- THEORETICAL-PRACTICAL FUNDAMENTALS
RYC-SM
##### DC Servo Motor Module
Accessory of RYC, RYC/T
The "RYC-SM" Servo Motor module has been designed to study a practical control system, through the control of the position and speed of a DC Servo Motor.The "RYC-SM" module consists of two main components: the "RYC-SM" apparatus and the "RYC-SM"...
Available
6.1.1.1.- THEORETICAL-PRACTICAL FUNDAMENTALS
RYC-TAR
##### Air Flow Temperature Control Module
Accessory of RYC, RYC/T
The "RYC-TAR" Air Flow Temperature Control module has been designed to study a practical control system, through the control of an air flow temperature.The "RYC-TAR" module consists of two main components: the "RYC-TAR" apparatus and the "RYC-TAR"...
Available
6.1.1.1.- THEORETICAL-PRACTICAL FUNDAMENTALS
RYC-PI
##### Inverted Pendulum Control Module
Accessory of RYC, RYC/T
The "RYC-PI" Inverted Pendulum Control module has been designed to study a practical control system, through the control of a linear position system of movable cart.The "RYC-PI" module consists of two main components: the "RYC-PI" apparatus and...
Available
6.1.1.1.- THEORETICAL-PRACTICAL FUNDAMENTALS
RYC-CLM
##### Magnetic Levitation Control Module
Accessory of RYC, RYC/T
The "RYC-CLM" Magnetic Levitation Control module has been designed to study a practical control system.The "RYC-CLM" module consists of two main components: the "RYC-CLM" apparatus and the "RYC-CLM" interface box. The "RYC-CLM" apparatus contains...
Available
6.1.1.1.- THEORETICAL-PRACTICAL FUNDAMENTALS
RYC-TAG
##### Water Flow Temperature Control Module
Accessory of RYC, RYC/T
The "RYC-TAG" Water Flow Temperature Control module has been designed to study a practical control system, through the control of water flow temperature.The "RYC-TAG" module consists of two main components: the "RYC-TAG" apparatus and the...
Available
6.1.1.1.- THEORETICAL-PRACTICAL FUNDAMENTALS
RYC-TE
##### Temperature Control Module
Accessory of RYC, RYC/T
The "RYC-TE" Temperature Control module has been designed to study a practical control system, through the control of the water temperature in a tank.The "RYC-TE" module consists of two main components: the "RYC-TE" apparatus and the "RYC-TE"...
Available
6.1.1.1.- THEORETICAL-PRACTICAL FUNDAMENTALS
RYC-P
##### Pressure Control Module
Accessory of RYC, RYC/T
The "RYC-P" Pressure Control module has been designed to study a practical control system, through the control of the air pressure level of an air pressure tank.The "RYC-P" module consists of two main components: the "RYC-P" apparatus and the...
Available
6.1.1.1.- THEORETICAL-PRACTICAL FUNDAMENTALS
RYC-N
##### Level Control Module
Accessory of RYC, RYC/T
The "RYC-N" Level Control module has been designed to study a practical control system, through the control of the water level of a tank.The "RYC-N" module consists of two main components: the "RYC-N" apparatus and the "RYC-N" interface box. The...
Available
6.1.1.1.- THEORETICAL-PRACTICAL FUNDAMENTALS
RYC-C
##### Flow Rate Control Module
Accessory of RYC, RYC/T
The "RYC-C" Flow Rate Control module has been designed to study a practical control system, through the flow rate of a close water circuit.The "RYC-C" module consists of two main components: the "RYC-C" apparatus and the "RYC-C" interface box. The...
Available
6.1.1.1.- THEORETICAL-PRACTICAL FUNDAMENTALS
RYC-I
##### Luminosity Control Module
Accessory of RYC, RYC/T
The "RYC-I" Luminosity Control module has been designed to study a practical control system and study different light sensors, through the luminosity control with three different light sensors.The "RYC-I" module consists of two main components:...
Available
6.1.1.1.- THEORETICAL-PRACTICAL FUNDAMENTALS
RYC-pH
##### pH Control Module
Accessory of RYC, RYC/T
The "RYC-pH" pH Control module has been designed to study a practical control system, through the pH dissolution control in a stirred tank.The "RYC-pH" module consists of two main components: "RYC-pH" apparatus and "RYC-pH" interface box. The...
Available
6.1.1.1.- THEORETICAL-PRACTICAL FUNDAMENTALS
RYC-CP
##### Position Control Module
Accessory of RYC, RYC/T
The "RYC-CP" Position Control module has been designed to study a practical control system, through the control of a linear position system.The "RYC-CP" module consists of two main components: the "RYC-CP" apparatus and the "RYC-CP" interface box....
• SCE
Available
6.1.1.1.- THEORETICAL-PRACTICAL FUNDAMENTALS
SCE
##### Computer Controlled Generating Stations Control and Regulation Simulator
Unit designed to simulate the regulation behaviour of a hydroelectric generating station, as a didactic application with different aspects ofregulation, control and simulation.It is possible to work with this unit in 2 ways:REAL mode (continuous...