11.1.- UNIT OPERATIONS

Unit operations are each of the physical changes that occur in the processes of the chemical industry. They arise from the study of different chemical processes in which a different operation is apparently performed but they have the same basis.

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These operations can be divided into three types:

  • Mass transfer. A change in the mass or composition of the matter, which may include a chemical change. These operations are distillation, absorption, adsorption, extraction and ion exchange, in which the change is mainly physical.
  • Energy transfer. Energy change that, for example, may suppose a change of state due to a change of pressure and/or temperature. This classification includes the evaporation, although other operations that combine energy transfer with mass transfer (drying, lyophilization, sublimation, crystallization and humidification) are also included.
  • Momentum transfer. Change in the kinetic conditions of matter. The operations involving a kinetic change are filtration, sedimentation, flotation and centrifugation.

All of them are experimentally based on the corresponding conservation laws.

This type of operations is used in multiple industries. They are the basis of a wide range of processes from different fields of application, as for example the food industry, the energy industry, etc.

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UNIT OPERATIONS UNITS
Showing 1-30 of 76 item(s)
COMPUTER CONTROLLED FIXED AND FLUIDIZED BED UNIT - LFFC
  • LFFC
Available
11.1.1.- FLUIDIZATION
LFFC
Computer Controlled Fixed and Fluidized Bed Unit
The Computer Controlled Fixed and Fluidised Bed Unit, "LFFC", allows a full study about everything concerning the flow of a fluid through a particles bed, both fixed and fluidised.The unit is composed of two transparent removable columns for the...
FIXED AND FLUIDIZED BED UNIT - LFF
  • LFF
Available
11.1.1.- FLUIDIZATION
LFF
Fixed and Fluidized Bed Unit
The Fixed and Fluidized Bed Unit, "LFF", allows a full study about everything concerning the flow of a fluid through a particles bed, both fixed and fluidized.The unit is composed of two transparent removable columns for the simultaneous study of...
FLUIDIZATION AND FLUID BED HEAT TRANSFER UNIT - TTLFB
  • TTLFB
Available
11.1.1.- FLUIDIZATION
TTLFB
Fluidization and Fluid Bed Heat Transfer Unit
The Fluidization and Fluid Bed Heat Transfer Unit, "TTLFB", has been designed to provide visual and quantitative results related to the flow of air through a packed bed and a fluidized bed made of granular material. It provides clear experimental...
PERMEABILITY/FLUIDISATION STUDIES UNIT - PEFP
  • PEFP
Available
11.1.1.- FLUIDIZATION
PEFP
Permeability/Fluidisation Studies Unit
The Permeability/Fluidisation Studies Unit, "PEFP", allows to observe the behaviour of liquid fluidisation in a granular bed. The main element is a permeability meter. It is a transparent cylinder that supports the soil sample to be studied....
COMPUTER CONTROLLED RISING FILM EVAPORATOR - EPAC
  • EPAC
Available
11.1.2.- EVAPORATION
EPAC
Computer Controlled Rising Film Evaporator
The objective of evaporation is to concentrate a non-volatile solute, carrying out the elimination of a volatile compound. Water is the volatile compound used in most evaporations.The rising or falling film evaporators are very useful if high...
RISING FILM EVAPORATOR - EPAB
  • EPAB
Available
11.1.2.- EVAPORATION
EPAB
Rising Film Evaporator
The objective of evaporation is to concentrate a non-volatile solute, carrying out the elimination of a volatile compound. Water is the volatile compound used in most evaporations.The rising or falling film evaporators are very useful if high...
COMPUTER CONTROLLED FALLING FILM EVAPORATOR - EPDC/C
  • EPDC/C
Available
11.1.2.- EVAPORATION
EPDC/C
Computer Controlled Falling Film Evaporator
The objective of the evaporation is to concentrate a non-volatile solute, carrying out the elimination of a volatile compound. Water is the volatile compound used in most evaporations. The rising or falling film evaporators are very useful...
COMPUTER CONTROLLED DOUBLE EFFECT RISING FILM EVAPORATOR - EDPAC
  • EDPAC
Available
11.1.2.- EVAPORATION
EDPAC
Computer Controlled Double Effect Rising Film Evaporator
The "EDPAC" unit, designed by EDIBON, allows to observe and control a serial, parallel or double effect evaporation process.The unit consists of two evaporators with a single glass tube, allowing the student to observe all the processes that take...
DOUBLE EFFECT RISING FILM EVAPORATOR - EDPAB
  • EDPAB
Available
11.1.2.- EVAPORATION
EDPAB
Double Effect Rising Film Evaporator
The "EDPAB" unit, designed by EDIBON, allows to observe and control a serial, parallel or double effect evaporation process. The unit consists of two evaporators with a single glass tube, allowing the student to observe all the processes that take...
COMPUTER CONTROLLED THIN FILM EVAPORATOR - EPFC
  • EPFC
Available
11.1.2.- EVAPORATION
EPFC
Computer Controlled Thin Film Evaporator
The Computer Controlled Thin Film Evaporator "EPFC" has been designed to study (theoretical and practically) the different operating variables that influence the thin film evaporation process. The unit is formed by a thin film evaporator, a...
COMPUTER CONTROLLED BOILING HEAT TRANSFER UNIT - TCEC
  • TCEC
Available
11.1.3.- BOILING
TCEC
Computer Controlled Boiling Heat Transfer Unit
The Computer Controlled Boiling Heat Transfer Unit, "TCEC", consists of a heating element horizontally mounted inside a vertical glass chamber submerged in coolant. This heating element is connected to a cylindrical copper sleeve in contact with...
BOILING HEAT TRANSFER UNIT - TCEB
  • TCEB
Available
11.1.3.- BOILING
TCEB
Boiling Heat Transfer Unit
The Boiling Heat Transfer Unit, "TCEB", consists of a heating element horizontally mounted inside a vertical glass chamber submerged incoolant. This heating element is connected to a cylindrical copper sleeve in contact with the coolant. Attached...
COMPUTER CONTROLLED FLOW BOILING DEMONSTRATION UNIT - TFEC
  • TFEC
Available
11.1.3.- BOILING
TFEC
Computer Controlled Flow Boiling Demonstration Unit
The Computer Controlled Flow Boiling Demonstration Unit, "TFEC", has as main component an experimental tube made of two glass concentric tubes. In these tubes two fluids flow crosscurrent: refrigerant, which flows by convection and in an...
FLOW BOILING DEMONSTRATION UNIT - TFEB
  • TFEB
Available
11.1.3.- BOILING
TFEB
Flow Boiling Demonstration Unit
The Flow Boiling Demonstration Unit, "TFEB", has as main component an experimental tube made of two glass concentric tubes. In thesetubes two fluids flow crosscurrent: refrigerant, which flows by convection and in an ascendant way through the...
  • UDCC/A
Available
11.1.4.- DISTILLATION AND CRACKING
UDCC/A
Advanced Computer Controlled Continuous Destillation Unit
The Advanced Computer Controlled Continuous Distillation Unit "UDCC/A" is an installation that allows the study of fractional distillation using a packed column which is able to operate with different packings.There is a feeding system that...
COMPUTER CONTROLLED CONTINUOUS DISTILLATION UNIT - UDCC
  • UDCC
Available
11.1.4.- DISTILLATION AND CRACKING
UDCC
Computer Controlled Continuous Distillation Unit
The Computer Controlled Continuous Distillation Unit, "UDCC", is basically composed by a boiler on which different types of columns can be adapted (plate columns and Raschig rings column). An eight plate column, a reflux system, a tank for...
CONTINUOUS DISTILLATION UNIT - UDCB
  • UDCB
Available
11.1.4.- DISTILLATION AND CRACKING
UDCB
Continuous Distillation Unit
The Continuous Distillation Unit, "UDCB", is formed by a boiler, on which different types of columns can be adapted (plate columns and Raschig columns). An eight plate column, a reflux system, a tank for distillation, a vacuum pump and a feeding...
COMPUTER CONTROLLED BATCH DISTILLATION UNIT - UDDC
  • UDDC
Available
11.1.4.- DISTILLATION AND CRACKING
UDDC
Computer Controlled Batch Distillation Unit
The Computer Controlled Batch Distillation Unit, "UDDC", is basically composed by a boiler on which different types of interchangeable columns can be adapted (plate columns and Raschig Rings column). An eight plate column, a reflux system and a...
BATCH DISTILLATION UNIT - UDDB
  • UDDB
Available
11.1.4.- DISTILLATION AND CRACKING
UDDB
Batch Distillation Unit
The Batch Distillation Unit, "UDDB", is basically composed by a boiler on which different types of interchangeable columns can be adapted (plate columns and Raschig Rings column). An eight plate column, a reflux system and a tank for the...
COMPUTER CONTROLLED CRACKING COLUMN - QCCC
  • QCCC
Available
11.1.4.- DISTILLATION AND CRACKING
QCCC
Computer Controlled Cracking Column
The Computer Controlled Cracking Column, "QCCC", for cracking and distilling oil is a complete lab tool that allows to the students to carry out a cracking reaction, and the study and the control of different variables that condition it. Also, the...
COMPUTER CONTROLLED LIQUID-LIQUID EXTRACTION UNIT - UELLC
  • UELLC
Available
11.1.5.- EXTRACTION
UELLC
Computer Controlled Liquid-Liquid Extraction Unit
The Computer Controlled Liquid-Liquid Extraction Unit, "UELLC", is a laboratory scale unit designed to study the separation of the components of liquid mixtures by contact of the mixture with an immiscible solvent in which these components are...
LIQUID-LIQUID EXTRACTION UNIT - UELL
  • UELL
Available
11.1.5.- EXTRACTION
UELL
Liquid-Liquid Extraction Unit
The Liquid-Liquid Extraction Unit, "UELL", is a laboratory scale unit designed to study the separation of the components of liquid mixtures by contact of the mixture with an immiscible solvent in which these components are preferentially...
COMPUTER CONTROLLED SOLID-LIQUID EXTRACTION UNIT - UESLC
  • UESLC
Available
11.1.5.- EXTRACTION
UESLC
Computer Controlled Solid-Liquid Extraction Unit
The Computer Controlled Solid-Liquid Extraction Unit, "UESLC", is a laboratory-scale unit designed for studying the separation of a soluble fraction from a solid with the help of a solvent in a continuous multistage and countercurrent way.The unit...
SOLID-LIQUID EXTRACTION UNIT - UESLB
  • UESLB
Available
11.1.5.- EXTRACTION
UESLB
Solid-Liquid Extraction Unit
The Solid-Liquid Extraction Unit "UESLB" is a laboratory-scale unit designed to study the separation of a soluble element from a solid in a continuous feed, multistage and countercurrent way, with the help of a solvent.The unit utilises a rotary...
COMPUTER CONTROLLED UNIT TO STUDY FLOW THROUGH PACKED COLUMNS - FPCC
  • FPCC
Available
11.1.8.- ABSORPTION AND ADSORPTION
FPCC
Computer Controlled Unit to Study Flow through Packed Columns
The main element of the "FPCC" unit is a transparent packed column, which can be used with water, air or both fluids, simulating an absorption column. When working with water, the unit includes a computer controlled speed pump to impel the water...
COMPUTER CONTROLLED LIQUID MASS TRANSFER AND DIFFUSION UNIT - QDTLC
  • QDTLC
Available
11.1.6.- DIFFUSION
QDTLC
Computer Controlled Liquid Mass Transfer and Diffusion Unit
The Computer Controlled Liquid Mass Transfer and Diffusion Unit, "QDTLC", is a teaching unit that allows the students to familiarise with the notions of mass transfer theory, specially the diffusion in liquid systems, obtaining experimental data...
LIQUID MASS TRANSFER AND DIFFUSION UNIT - QDTL
  • QDTL
Available
11.1.6.- DIFFUSION
QDTL
Liquid Mass Transfer and Diffusion Unit
The QDTL is a teaching unit that allows the students to familiarise with the notions of mass transfer theory, specially the diffusion in liquid systems, obtaining experimental data and results which are very useful for an ideal practice...
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