14.1.- BIOMECHANICS

Biomechanics studies the mechanics of movement of the living beings organism, among them the human body movement. This study ranges from the simplest movements of daily life, such as work or sports activity, to the movement of some internal organs, such as the heart. To study the human body kinetics, biomechanics applies the principles of mechanics and the knowledge of anatomy and physiology, allowing the design of new diagnostic and treatment instruments and the development of better implants and prostheses designs.

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Nowadays, Biomechanics analyzes the movements of the combination of joints and muscles. These analyzes allow us to study the loads and efforts to which the human body is subjected. The knowledge of human kinetics makes possible the treatment of injuries and their subsequent rehabilitation, the design of prostheses that allow flexibility of movement, the search for new sports techniques to increase the performance of a physical activity or the prevention of the organism deterioration when doing activities at work and at home. This knowledge can be divided into several areas of Biomechanics: Medical Biomechanics, Sports Biomechanics and Occupational Biomechanics. Another application of Biomechanics is the design of robotic applications. The movements made by the robotic arms or the displacement capacity of some by means of an electro-mechanical locomotor system are based on the mechanics of living beings.

The continuous study of the mechanical behavior of organisms is leading the Biomechanics applications to develop bionic prostheses and artificial organisms that simulate the normal functioning of a real organism and can react to stimuli. In addition, the improvement of the exoskeletons technology will increase the mobility of people with reduced mobility and improve physical capacities when carrying out great strain activities.

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BIOMECHANICS UNITS
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BASIC MECHANICS INTEGRATED LABORATORY - LIMEBA
  • LIMEBA
Available
14.1.1.- MECHANICS FUNDAMENTALS KITS
LIMEBA
Basic Mechanics Integrated Laboratory
LIMEBA consists on a complete set of exercises and practical experiments belonging to the area of Applied Mechanics in its two mainsubareas:Statics: the analysis of structures in balance.Dynamics: analysis of the motion of mechanisms.LIMEBA is...
PANEL AND COMMON ELEMENTS CASE FOR LIMEBA - MECA/EC
Available
14.1.1.- MECHANICS FUNDAMENTALS KITS
MECA/EC
Panel and Common Elements Case for LIMEBA
Accessory of LIMEBA
It is the supporting structure where the modules’s elements are mounted in order to undertake the experiments and hence, the basepanel is necessary along with any module.The panel is pierced with equidistant holes that help students to take...
STATICS EXPERIMENTS - MECA1
Available
14.1.1.- MECHANICS FUNDAMENTALS KITS
MECA1
Statics Experiments
Accessory of LIMEBA
Statics is the part of Mechanics that studies any kind of structure or element in balance-equilibrium.Basically the module consist on experiments in which the student shall learn to deduce the main principles of Statics and its most important...
TRANSMISSIONS EXPERIMENTS - MECA3
Available
14.1.1.- MECHANICS FUNDAMENTALS KITS
MECA3
Transmissions Experiments
Accessory of LIMEBA
Most recent machines require the transmission of motion between elements to obtain the desired mechanical result. The mechanisms studied in this module are those that transmit motion between two axles.
DYNAMICS EXPERIMENTS - MECA4
Available
14.1.1.- MECHANICS FUNDAMENTALS KITS
MECA4
Dynamics Experiments
Accessory of LIMEBA
Dynamics is the part of Mechanics that analyzes the motion of an element or mechanism caused by a force. Thus the study is concentrated on the basic laws of Dynamics.
FRICTION EXPERIMENTS - MECA5
Available
14.1.1.- MECHANICS FUNDAMENTALS KITS
MECA5
Friction Experiments
Accessory of LIMEBA
This module considers the most important phenomenon of Dynamics: Friction. It is a manifestation of the energy loss due to contact, effect that happens in every real-world mechanism.
SPECIAL MECHANISMS EXPERIMENTS - MECA6
Available
14.1.1.- MECHANICS FUNDAMENTALS KITS
MECA6
Special Mechanisms Experiments
Accessory of LIMEBA
This module considers various mechanisms frequently used in industrial processes, without them some operations would not be possible with the same efficiency. Here these mechanisms are shown and their function analyzed.
SLIDER CRANK MECHANISM - MBD
  • MBD
Available
14.1.2.1.- MECHANISMS
MBD
Slider Crank Mechanism
The Slider Crank Mechanism, "MBD", designed by EDIBON, is an example of slider-crank mechanism.This mechanism is made of aluminum and consists of a rotary element (graduated disc), called crank, connected to a rigid bar, calledconnecting rod. When...
SCOTCH YOKE MECHANISM - MYE
  • MYE
Available
14.1.2.1.- MECHANISMS
MYE
Scotch Yoke Mechanism
The Scotch Yoke Mechanism, "MYE", designed by EDIBON, is an example of slider-crank mechanism for converting the linear motion of a slider into rotational motion or vice versa. It is made of aluminum and consists of a rotary element, called...
SLOTTED LINK MECHANISM - MBM1
  • MBM1
Available
14.1.2.1.- MECHANISMS
MBM1
Slotted Link Mechanism
The Slotted Link Mechanism, "MBM1", is an example of a quick-return mechanism, capable of transforming circular motion into reciprocating motion. It is made of aluminum and consists of a rotary element (graduated disk), called crank, connected to...
WHITWORTH QUICK RETURN MECHANISM - MBM2
  • MBM2
Available
14.1.2.1.- MECHANISMS
MBM2
Whitworth Quick Return Mechanism
The Whitworth Quick Return Mechanism, "MBM2", is a mechanism able to transform circular movement into reciprocating movement. It ismade of aluminum and consists of a rotary element, called crank, with a graduated disk, connected to a rigid bar,...
FOUR-BAR MECHANISM - MCA
  • MCA
Available
14.1.2.1.- MECHANISMS
MCA
Four-Bar Mechanism
The Four-Bar Mechanism, "MCA", designed by EDIBON, is a bench-top unit to perform laboratory experiments.It is made of anodized aluminum and consists of two rotary elements (graduated discs) mounted on ball bearings. The discs include a scale to...
GENEVA STOP MECHANISM - MME
  • MME
Available
14.1.2.1.- MECHANISMS
MME
Geneva Stop Mechanism
The Geneva Stop Mechanism, "MME", designed by EDIBON, is a mechanism that transforms continuous circular motion into intermittent motion. It is a positive drive in which the driven wheel is positively moved or locked.It is made of aluminum and...
COUPLING MECHANISM - MAC
  • MAC
Available
14.1.2.1.- MECHANISMS
MAC
Coupling Mechanism
The Coupling Mechanism, "MAC", represents a simple Oldham type coupling. The lateral displacement of the input and output shafts may be varied and circular scales are fitted to the input and output flanges.It consists of two outer discs made of...
HOOKE'S JOINT MECHANISM - MUN
  • MUN
Available
14.1.2.1.- MECHANISMS
MUN
Hooke's Joint Mechanism
The Hooke’s Joint Mechanism, "MUN", designed by EDIBON, represents a universal coupling, also called a U-joint, Hooke joint or Cardan joint. The Hooke joint is a universal mechanism that is often used to transmit rotary motion between two...
CAM AND FOLLOWER MECHANISM - MEX
  • MEX
Available
14.1.2.1.- MECHANISMS
MEX
Cam and Follower Mechanism
The Cam and Follower Mechanism, "MEX", allows to study the cam-follower and eccentric-follower mechanisms. For that purpose, several plate cam models in different forms, one eccentric and several roller-shaped, flat-shaped, wedge-shaped and...
CRANK MECHANISM - MBI
  • MBI
Available
14.1.2.1.- MECHANISMS
MBI
Crank Mechanism
The Crank Mechanism "MBI", is a unit designed to observe, study and record the motion of a crank and the forces involved in a simple engine mechanism. The piston is linearly displaced through a cylinder with the aid of a guide.Bearings are coupled...
ACKERMANN STEERING MECHANISM - MDA
  • MDA
Available
7.1.2.1.- MECHANISMS
MDA
Ackermann Steering Mechanism
The Ackermann Steering Mechanism, "MDA", is a bench-mounted unit designed to determine the lead angle of a steering trapezoid in an Ackermann steering mechanism, the disadvantages of incorrectly adjusted track rods and the influence of the track...
WINCH MECHANISM - MMEL
  • MMEL
Available
14.1.2.1.- MECHANISMS
MMEL
Winch Mechanism
The Winch Mechanism, "MMEL", allows to study the lifting velocity and load transmission of a winch. Efficiency and load transmission can be determined by force balance.The unit consists of a gear transmission mechanism. One gear is the input gear...
BAR LINKAGES UNIT - MBLU
  • MBLU
Available
7.1.2.1.- MECHANISMS
MBLU
Bar Linkages Unit
The Bar Linkages Unit "MBLU" allows many experiments using different arrangements of their parts.The "MBLU" unit includes a selection of more than twenty perforated bars of different lengths and pivots or "joints" to allow students to configure...
WORM AND WHEEL UNIT - MTSF
  • MTSF
Available
14.1.2.2.- GEARS
MTSF
Worm and Wheel Unit
The Worm and Wheel Unit, "MTSF", allows to demonstrate the principle of a worm gear.The unit consists in a worm and a wheel. These parts are mounted on ball bearings and fixed to a vertical panel.The worm and wheel are positioned a set distance...
ACCELERATION OF GEARED SYSTEM UNIT - MAE
  • MAE
Available
14.1.2.2.- GEARS
MAE
Acceleration of Geared System Unit
The Acceleration of Geared Systems Unit "MAE" allows to perform tests to calculate the moment of inertia of a gear train system.The MAE unit includes six gears. Two of them can have another position in the shafts to vary the gear ratio, allowing...
SIMPLE DRIVES ASSEMBLY UNIT - MSDA
  • MSDA
Available
14.1.2.2.- GEARS
MSDA
Simple Drives Assembly Unit
The Simple Drives Assembly Unit, "MSDA", allows the knowledge and learning of the fundamentals of the mechanical transmission technique, as well as the assembly, disassembly and experimentation with simple gears.The unit allows to carry out...
COMBINED DRIVES ASSEMBLY UNIT - MCDA
  • MCDA
Available
14.1.2.2.- GEARS
MCDA
Combined Drives Assembly Unit
The Combined Drives Assembly Unit, "MCDA", allows carrying out advanced exercises and provides an understanding of the significant components and arrangements of the mechanical drive technology.With this unit, practices can be carried out to...
GEAR TRAIN ASSEMBLY UNIT - MGTA
  • MGTA
Available
14.1.2.2.- GEARS
MGTA
Gear Train Assembly Unit
The Unit to Study Gear Train Assembly, "MGTA", allows to perform diverse assemblies of gearboxes. The student will essentially learn the practice of assembling gear components in transmissions and will be introduced to the technique of mechanical...
GEAR GENERATION UNIT - MGE
  • MGE
Available
14.1.2.2.- GEARS
MGE
Gear Generation Unit
The Gear Generation Unit, "MGE", has been designed by EDIBON to study rack and pinion systems. With this unit the student can draw by an easy procedure the profile of a tooth, produced by the involute process of the rack when passing over the...
GEARED STUDY - MESE-T
  • MESE-T
Available
7.1.2.2.- GEARS
MESE-T
Geared Study
The Geared Study Drive Unit, "MESE", has been designed to dynamically study different gears, including a standard three shaft gear trainfor study, which can be modified with a simple setting to obtain a simple transmission.For the dynamic study...
GEARED LIFTING UNIT - MEE
  • MEE
Available
14.1.2.2.- GEARS
MEE
Geared Lifting Unit
The Geared Lifting Unit, "MEE", has been designed to study a simple lifting mechanism and its use to determine the speed ratio, its mechanical advantages and efficiency.The unit is mounted on a metal structure with bearings that support the gear...
UNIT FOR THE KINEMATIC STUDY OF GEAR TRAINS - KSGT
  • KSGT
Available
7.1.2.2.- GEARS
KSGT
Unit for the Kinematic Study of Gear Trains
The Unit for the Kinematic Study of Gear Trains, "KSGT", unit includes a pivoting rail with a fixed axle to which two more axles can be fixed in any position in function of the feature to study.The cogwheels may be assembled on the axles in...
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