8.- ГИДРОМЕХАНИКА

The branch of Fluid Mechanics studies the laws of the behavior of fluids at rest (fluid statics) or in motion (fluid dynamics) and their interaction processes with solid bodies. A fluid is considered to be a substance that can flow, in other words, move. Among them there are liquids (water, oil, alcohol, milk, sulfuric acid, gasoline) and gases (air, oxygen, nitrogen, helium, argon, methane, butane, natural gas).

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The fluids can be found everywhere in the everyday life, from the air that surrounds us, the water in the pools and for irrigation, the hydraulic system that allows us to brake in our car, heating or air conditioning, to our own blood system. Fluid studies are based on the well-known Archimedes and Pascal’s principles, Bernoulli’s equation, Venturi effect or Darcy's law, among others. The field of Fluid Mechanics Engineering that seeks applicability is studied empirically and mathematically, highlighting dimensionless numbers such as Reynolds, Prandtl, Mach and Froude. The importance of the fluid mechanics principles have left common inventions, such as water transfers by channels, maritime and air transport, hydraulic, thermal and pneumatic machines, solutions to the problems of cavitation or water hammer in pipes, hydraulic and pneumatic transmissions and controls, etc.

Given the relevance of fluids in diverse applications, it is important to know their nature, that is to say, the type of fluid and describe it based on its properties. The most significant ones are: pressure, temperature, volume, density, viscosity, compressibility, specific heat, thermal expansion and miscibility.

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ПОДКАТЕГОРИИ ГИДРОМЕХАНИКА

8.1.- МОДУЛЬНЫЕ ЛАБОРАТОРИИ ПО ГИДРОМЕХАНИКЕ

Hydraulics is the branch of science that deals with the mechanical properties of fluids, and Fluid Mechanics is the basis of Hydraulics. EDIBON tries to meet, in a simple and practical way, the academic demands of teaching and learning of the Fluid Mechanics basis. To that end, it has a flexible...
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8.2.- ИЗМЕРЕНИЕ

Metrology is the science that studies the measurement of magnitudes. It is based on the process that seeks to establish a relationship between a reference value and the object or phenomenon whose magnitude must be quantified and obtain an expression of the measurement.The measurements must be...
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8.3.- ГИДРОСТАТИКА

Hydrostatics is the branch of fluid mechanics that studies the associated phenomena and behavior that occur when a fluid is in a container and there are no forces that modify the state of the liquid at rest or in motion. By contrast, hydrodynamics studies fluids in motion.Hydrostatics is based on...
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8.4.- ВИЗУАЛИЗАЦИЯ ПОТОКА

The flow of fluids belongs to the branch of fluid dynamics. The studies focus on understanding the motion of fluids, determined by Newton's laws, the laws of conservation of mass and energy and other laws, such as the Stokes, the Reynolds number or Prandt, among others.The fluid motion and...
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8.5.- ГИДРАВЛИЧЕСКИЕ КАНАЛЫ

Water is the fundamental element used by living beings and, since ancient times, different devices have been developed for its distribution and consumption, such as channels.The hydraulic or open channel or, simply, channel is defined as a piping system open to the atmosphere and used to...
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8.6.- АЭРОДИНАМИКИ

Aerodynamics is the part of fluid mechanics that studies the gases in motion and the forces or reactions to which the bodies that interact with those gases are subjected. Apart from the importance of aerodynamics in itself, the value of its contribution to aeronautics must be added. According to...
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8.7.- ГИДРАВЛИЧЕСКИЕ МАШИНЫ

A special app,lication area in fluid mechanics is the one responsible for the study of fluid machines. Fluid machines are devices that convert the energy of the fluid that passes through them or transfer energy to the fluid. That fluid can be gas, steam or liquid. Based on this definition, fluid...
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8.8.- СИСТЕМА ТРУБОПРОВОДОВ ДЛЯ ЖИДКОСТЕЙ

In engineering, a fluid piping system is defined as the structure or construction that transports a fluid from a source to the required destination. Two types of conduits are distinguished: closed conduits (pipes, tunnels or culverts) and open conduits (natural currents). Flow in closed conduits...
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8.9.- МОНТАЖ И НАЛАДКА

The needs of today's society are a challenge for any industry, since they have to be in continuous evolution and renewal to adapt to those needs.In recent years, as a result of the new industrial revolution or ",Industry 4.0",, the emergence of the ",Industrial Internet of Things", (IIoT) and the...
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ПРОДУКТЫ ГИДРОМЕХАНИКА
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VORTEX FLOW METER - FME30/I
Available
8.1.2.- ИЗМЕРЕНИЕ
FME30/I

Vortex Flow Meter

Аксессуар LIFLUBA
The FME30/I module makes it possible to study different methods of volumetric and mass flow measurement, as well as to compare continuous and intermittent methods. This module includes two continuous and two intermittent methods to carry out the...
ROTAMETER - FME36
Available
8.1.2.- ИЗМЕРЕНИЕ
FME36

Ротаметр

Аксессуар LIFLUBA
The FME36 module is a variable area flowmeter with float.This type of flowmeter can be used for flow ratemeasurements in almost all media.The operation mode of this flowmeter is based on the factthat if a medium is flowing upwards at a sufficient...
DATA ACQUISITION SYSTEM AND SENSORS - BDAS
Available
8.1.7.- ГИДРАВЛИЧЕСКИЕ МАШИНЫ: ТУРБИНЫ
BDAS

Базовая система сбора данных с компьютера и датчиков для использования с серией EDIBON FME

Аксессуар LIFLUBA
BDAS is designed to monitor the measurements of each module type “FME” from a computer.This system can monitor any module, checking the revolutions given by the water pump or the torque, differential pressures for Bernoulli theorems, pressure...
IMPACT OF A JET - FME01
Available
8.1.4.- ГИДРОДИНАМИКА
FME01

Удар струи

Аксессуар LIFLUBA
The module consists of a cylindrical tank with lateraltransparent surfaces where a nozzle, connected to theHydraulics Bench (FME00), is aligned with a device inwhich the problem surface is fitted. The vertical forcemade by the water against the...
ORIFICE AND FREE JET FLOW - FME17
Available
8.1.4.- ГИДРОДИНАМИКА
FME17

Течение жидкости через отверстие и свободное струйное течение

Аксессуар LIFLUBA
The module consists of a cylindrical methacrylate tank thatenables to maintain a constant level and that is fed by theHydraulics Bench (FME00) or by the Basic Hydraulic FeedSystem (FME00/B).Two nozzles with orifices of different diameters are...