# 8.- ГИДРОМЕХАНИКА

The branch of Fluid Mechanics studies the laws of the behavior of fluids at rest (fluid statics) or in motion (fluid dynamics) and their interaction processes with solid bodies. A fluid is considered to be a substance that can flow, in other words, move. Among them there are liquids (water, oil, alcohol, milk, sulfuric acid, gasoline) and gases (air, oxygen, nitrogen, helium, argon, methane, butane, natural gas).

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The fluids can be found everywhere in the everyday life, from the air that surrounds us, the water in the pools and for irrigation, the hydraulic system that allows us to brake in our car, heating or air conditioning, to our own blood system. Fluid studies are based on the well-known Archimedes and Pascal’s principles, Bernoulli’s equation, Venturi effect or Darcy's law, among others. The field of Fluid Mechanics Engineering that seeks applicability is studied empirically and mathematically, highlighting dimensionless numbers such as Reynolds, Prandtl, Mach and Froude. The importance of the fluid mechanics principles have left common inventions, such as water transfers by channels, maritime and air transport, hydraulic, thermal and pneumatic machines, solutions to the problems of cavitation or water hammer in pipes, hydraulic and pneumatic transmissions and controls, etc.

Given the relevance of fluids in diverse applications, it is important to know their nature, that is to say, the type of fluid and describe it based on its properties. The most significant ones are: pressure, temperature, volume, density, viscosity, compressibility, specific heat, thermal expansion and miscibility.

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ПОДКАТЕГОРИИ ГИДРОМЕХАНИКА

8.1.- МОДУЛЬНЫЕ ЛАБОРАТОРИИ ПО ГИДРОМЕХАНИКЕ

Hydraulics is the branch of science that deals with the mechanical properties of fluids, and Fluid Mechanics is the basis of Hydraulics. EDIBON tries to meet, in a simple and practical way, the academic demands of teaching and learning of the Fluid Mechanics basis. To that end, it has a flexible...
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8.2.- ИЗМЕРЕНИЕ

Metrology is the science that studies the measurement of magnitudes. It is based on the process that seeks to establish a relationship between a reference value and the object or phenomenon whose magnitude must be quantified and obtain an expression of the measurement.The measurements must be...
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8.3.- ГИДРОСТАТИКА

Hydrostatics is the branch of fluid mechanics that studies the associated phenomena and behavior that occur when a fluid is in a container and there are no forces that modify the state of the liquid at rest or in motion. By contrast, hydrodynamics studies fluids in motion.Hydrostatics is based on...
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8.4.- ВИЗУАЛИЗАЦИЯ ПОТОКА

The flow of fluids belongs to the branch of fluid dynamics. The studies focus on understanding the motion of fluids, determined by Newton's laws, the laws of conservation of mass and energy and other laws, such as the Stokes, the Reynolds number or Prandt, among others.The fluid motion and...
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8.5.- ГИДРАВЛИЧЕСКИЕ КАНАЛЫ

Water is the fundamental element used by living beings and, since ancient times, different devices have been developed for its distribution and consumption, such as channels.The hydraulic or open channel or, simply, channel is defined as a piping system open to the atmosphere and used to...
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8.6.- АЭРОДИНАМИКИ

Aerodynamics is the part of fluid mechanics that studies the gases in motion and the forces or reactions to which the bodies that interact with those gases are subjected. Apart from the importance of aerodynamics in itself, the value of its contribution to aeronautics must be added. According to...
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8.7.- ГИДРАВЛИЧЕСКИЕ МАШИНЫ

A special app,lication area in fluid mechanics is the one responsible for the study of fluid machines. Fluid machines are devices that convert the energy of the fluid that passes through them or transfer energy to the fluid. That fluid can be gas, steam or liquid. Based on this definition, fluid...
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8.8.- СИСТЕМА ТРУБОПРОВОДОВ ДЛЯ ЖИДКОСТЕЙ

In engineering, a fluid piping system is defined as the structure or construction that transports a fluid from a source to the required destination. Two types of conduits are distinguished: closed conduits (pipes, tunnels or culverts) and open conduits (natural currents). Flow in closed conduits...
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8.9.- МОНТАЖ И НАЛАДКА

The needs of today's society are a challenge for any industry, since they have to be in continuous evolution and renewal to adapt to those needs.In recent years, as a result of the new industrial revolution or ",Industry 4.0",, the emergence of the ",Industrial Internet of Things", (IIoT) and the...
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ПРОДУКТЫ ГИДРОМЕХАНИКА
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• LIFLUBA
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8.1.7.- ГИДРАВЛИЧЕСКИЕ МАШИНЫ: ТУРБИНЫ
LIFLUBA

# Базовая интегрированная лаборатория гидромеханики

Hydraulics is the branch of science that deals with the mechanical properties of fluids, and Fluid Mechanics provides the foundation for hydraulics.With LIFLUBA (Basic Fluids Mechanics Integrated Laboratory), EDIBON tries to give answer to the...
Available
8.1.1.- БАЗОВЫЕ МОДУЛИ
FME00

# Гидравлический стенд

Аксессуар LIFLUBA
Unit for the study of fluid behaviour, hydraulic theory and the propertiesof fluid mechanics.It is formed by a movable hydraulics bench used to hold a wide variety ofmodules, which allow the student to experiment with the problemspresented by...
Available
8.1.1.- БАЗОВЫЕ МОДУЛИ
FME00/B

# Базовая система подачи гидравлики

Аксессуар LIFLUBA
The FME00/B is a service unit for different Fluid MechanicsUnits as: ”FME” type modules, Fluid Friction in Pipes Unit“AFT”, etc., increasing the equipment profitability.Centrifugal pump: 0.37 KW, 30-80 l./min at 20.1-12.8m.,single-phase 220V. /...
Available
8.1.2.- ИЗМЕРЕНИЕ
FME02

# Расход жидкости через плотину

Аксессуар LIFLUBA
This module has many elements that are used incombination with the Hydraulics Bench (FME00):A special mouthpiece is coupled to the outletmouthpiece for water in the Hydraulics Bench(FME00).Two soothing screens that, together with the...
Available
8.1.2.- ИЗМЕРЕНИЕ
FME10

# Калибратор веса конструкции

Аксессуар LIFLUBA
The module consists of a hollow cylinder in whose interiora precision piston moves. Using a system of calibratedweights, we produce predetermined pressures inside thecylinder.The Bourdon manometer that must be contrasted isconnected to the...
Available
8.1.2.- ИЗМЕРЕНИЕ
FME18

# Демонстрация работы систем слежения за расходом

Аксессуар LIFLUBA
The module consists of a Venturi meter, a flowmeter and an orificeplate, installed in a series configuration to permit a direct comparison.Several pressure taps are connected to a panel of eight tubes.The flow control valve allows the variation of...
Available
8.1.2.- ИЗМЕРЕНИЕ
FME26

# Система измерения давления (вакуумметр)

Аксессуар LIFLUBA
Anodized aluminum structure that supports a vacuum gaugewhose reading gives us the measurement.Two quick connections at both sides of the vacuum gaugeallow connecting reinforced flexible pipes.
Available
8.1.2.- ИЗМЕРЕНИЕ
FME30

# Вихревой преобразователь

Аксессуар LIFLUBA
The design of the FME30 module makes it possible to study different methods of volumetric and mass flow measurement, as well as to compare continuous and intermittent methods. This module includes two continuous and two intermittent methods to...
Available
8.1.2.- ИЗМЕРЕНИЕ
FME30/I

# Vortex Flow Meter

Аксессуар LIFLUBA
The FME30/I module makes it possible to study different methods of volumetric and mass flow measurement, as well as to compare continuous and intermittent methods. This module includes two continuous and two intermittent methods to carry out the...
Available
8.1.2.- ИЗМЕРЕНИЕ
FME32

# Модуль дифференциальной трубки Пито-Прандтля

Аксессуар LIFLUBA
With this unit the change in flow speed within a tube can bedetermined.The Pitot static tube can be moved across the whole crosssection of the tube, and thus to measure the pressure profile.This tube is connected to manometers via hoses.The...
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8.1.2.- ИЗМЕРЕНИЕ
FME34

# Модуль гидростатики и измерения давления

Аксессуар LIFLUBA
This module has been designed to study static fluids and manometry.It provides the user an introduction to the behaviour of liquids underhydrostatic conditions (fluids at rest) and to the application of thoseprinciples in the pressure measurement...
Available
8.1.2.- ИЗМЕРЕНИЕ
FME36

# Ротаметр

Аксессуар LIFLUBA
The FME36 module is a variable area flowmeter with float.This type of flowmeter can be used for flow ratemeasurements in almost all media.The operation mode of this flowmeter is based on the factthat if a medium is flowing upwards at a sufficient...
Available
8.1.7.- ГИДРАВЛИЧЕСКИЕ МАШИНЫ: ТУРБИНЫ
BDAS

# Базовая система сбора данных с компьютера и датчиков для использования с серией EDIBON FME

Аксессуар LIFLUBA
BDAS is designed to monitor the measurements of each module type “FME” from a computer.This system can monitor any module, checking the revolutions given by the water pump or the torque, differential pressures for Bernoulli theorems, pressure...
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8.1.3.- ГИДРОСТАТИКА
FME08

# Гидростатическое давление

Аксессуар LIFLUBA
The module consists of a quadrant assembled to the arm of ascale that swings around an axis.When the quadrant is immersed in the water tank, the forcethat acts on the flat rectangular front surface exerts amomentum with respect to the supporting...
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8.1.3.- ГИДРОСТАТИКА
FME11

# Метацентрическая высота

Аксессуар LIFLUBA
The module consists of a floating methacrylate prismaticbase, with a vertical mast placed on it. An adjustable mobilemass has been added to alter the position of the center ofgravity.A weight that can be horizontally and vertically displacedallows...
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8.1.3.- ГИДРОСТАТИКА
FME11-A

# Metacentric Height of a "V" Shape Floating Body

Аксессуар LIFLUBA
The module consists of a floating methacrylate body with a vertical mast placed on it. An adjustable mobile mass has been added to alter the position of the center of gravity. The base of the floating body is V shaped, simulating one of the...
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8.1.3.- ГИДРОСТАТИКА
FME11-B

# Metacentric Height of a "U" Shape Floating Body

Аксессуар LIFLUBA
The module consists of a floating methacrylate body with a vertical mast placed on it. An adjustable mobile mass has been added to alter the position of the center of gravity. The base of the floating body is U shaped, simulating one of the...
Available
8.1.3.- ГИДРОСТАТИКА
FME33

# Модуль Паскаля

Аксессуар LIFLUBA
The FME33 module allows to demonstrate Pascal's principle,that is to say, that pressure in an incompressible fluid has norelation with the size of the column section, it only depends on itshead (level of the liquid) and on the nature of the...
Available
8.1.3.- ГИДРОСТАТИКА
FME35

# Модуль свойств жидкости

Аксессуар LIFLUBA
This module has been designed to allows the study of the fundamentalproperties of fluids and their behaviour in practical applications.We can study capillarity, density and relative density (specific gravity),buoyancy (Archimedes principle),...
Available
8.1.4.- ГИДРОДИНАМИКА
FME01

# Удар струи

Аксессуар LIFLUBA
The module consists of a cylindrical tank with lateraltransparent surfaces where a nozzle, connected to theHydraulics Bench (FME00), is aligned with a device inwhich the problem surface is fitted. The vertical forcemade by the water against the...
Available
8.1.4.- ГИДРОДИНАМИКА
FME03

# Демонстрация теоремы Бернулли

Аксессуар LIFLUBA
Bernoulli’s Theorem Demonstration module is mainlycomposed of a circular section conduit with shape of atruncated cone, transparent and with seven pressure taps tomeasure, simultaneously, the static pressure of each section.All the pressure taps...
Available
8.1.4.- ГИДРОДИНАМИКА
FME04

# Расход жидкости через отверстие

Аксессуар LIFLUBA
The module consists of a transparent cylindrical tank that is fed from thetop by the Hydraulics Bench (FME00) or the Basic Hydraulic Feed System(FME00/B). The water flows through an interchangeable mouthpiece (aset of 5 mouthpieces is supplied,...
Available
8.1.4.- ГИДРОДИНАМИКА
FME14

# Свободные и вынужденные вихри

Аксессуар LIFLUBA
The module has a cylindrical and transparent deposit with twoinlet pipes diametrically opposed, slightly inclined to produce awhirl. This deposit has an outlet in the center of its base, where 3mouthpieces with orifices of different diameters can...
Available
8.1.4.- ГИДРОДИНАМИКА
FME17

# Течение жидкости через отверстие и свободное струйное течение

Аксессуар LIFLUBA
The module consists of a cylindrical methacrylate tank thatenables to maintain a constant level and that is fed by theHydraulics Bench (FME00) or by the Basic Hydraulic FeedSystem (FME00/B).Two nozzles with orifices of different diameters are...
Available
8.1.4.- ГИДРОДИНАМИКА
FME19

# Демонстрация явления кавитации

Аксессуар LIFLUBA
The module consists of a rectangular transversal sectionVenturi-pipe, with transparent wall for a better observation ofthe Cavitation Phenomenon.It includes a manometer and a vacuum meter that arerespectively connected to the inlet section and to...
Available
8.1.4.- ГИДРОДИНАМИКА
FME22

# Устройства Вентури, Бернулли и кавитационные устройства

Аксессуар LIFLUBA
This module is designed for demonstrating some practicalpossibilities with the Venturi’s tube. This Venturi is made oftransparent methacrylate for a better visualization.It consist of a circular transverse section Venturi tube with 6taps...
Available
8.1.5.- ВИЗУАЛИЗАЦИЯ ПОТОКА
FME06

# Демонстрация течения Осборна-Рейнольдса

Аксессуар LIFLUBA
The module consists of a cylindrical tank endowed with anozzle, that is fitted to a methacrylate pipe, which allows thefluid visualization.A spillway guarantees the homogeneity of the flow and aneedle fitted to the deposit provides the dye. Water...
Available
8.1.5.- ВИЗУАЛИЗАЦИЯ ПОТОКА
FME09

# Визуальное отображение потока жидкости в канале

Аксессуар LIFLUBA
The module consists of a transparent methacrylate channelwith an overflow pipe on top and an adjustable plate in thedischarge end. This plate allows for regulating the flow level.The water is supplied to the channel by the pulse mouth of...