11.1.- 单元操作

单元操作是指化学工业过程中发生的每一个物理变化。它们产生于对不同化学过程的研究,在这些过程中,表面上进行了不同的操作,但基础是相同的。

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我们将这些操作区分为三种类型。

  • 大众运输; 物质的质量或成分的变化,其中可包括化学变化。这些操作有蒸馏、吸收、吸附、萃取和离子交换。在这些变化中,主要是物理变化。
  • 能源运输; 能量的变化,例如,可能涉及由于压力和/或温度的变化而引起的状态变化。这种分类包括蒸发,但也包括其他将能量传输与质量相结合的操作(干燥、冷冻干燥、升华、结晶、加湿)。
  • 运动量。物质动力学条件的变化。涉及动力学变化的操作有过滤、沉淀、浮选和离心。

都是根据相应的守恒定律进行实验的。

这类操作在很多行业中都有应用,是不同领域应用的基础,如食品工业、能源工业等。

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单元操作 UNITS
Showing 1-30 of 76 item(s)
COMPUTER CONTROLLED FIXED AND FLUIDIZED BED UNIT - LFFC
  • LFFC
Available
11.1.1.- 流化
LFFC
Computer Controlled Fixed and Fluidized Bed Unit
The Computer Controlled Fixed and Fluidised Bed Unit, "LFFC", allows a full study about everything concerning the flow of a fluid through a particles bed, both fixed and fluidised. The unit is composed of two transparent removable columns for the...
FIXED AND FLUIDIZED BED UNIT - LFF
  • LFF
Available
11.1.1.- 流化
LFF
Fixed and Fluidized Bed Unit
The Fixed and Fluidised Bed Unit, "LFF", allows a full study about everything concerning the flow of a fluid through a particles bed, both fixed and fluidised. The unit is composed of two transparent removable columns for the simultaneous study of...
FLUIDIZATION AND FLUID BED HEAT TRANSFER UNIT - TTLFB
  • TTLFB
Available
11.1.1.- 流化
TTLFB
Fluidization and Fluid Bed Heat Transfer Unit
The Fluidization and Fluid Bed Heat Transfer Unit, "TTLFB", has been designed to provide visual and quantitative results related to the flow of air through a packed bed and a fluidized bed made of granular material. It provides clear experimental...
PERMEABILITY/FLUIDISATION STUDIES UNIT - PEFP
  • PEFP
Available
11.1.1.- 流化
PEFP
渗透/流化研究小组
The Permeability/Fluidisation Studies Unit, "PEFP", allows to observe the behaviour of liquid fluidisation in a granular bed. The main element is a permeability meter. It is a transparent cylinder that supports the soil sample to be studied. Water...
COMPUTER CONTROLLED RISING FILM EVAPORATOR - EPAC
  • EPAC
Available
11.1.2.- 蒸发
EPAC
Computer Controlled Rising Film Evaporator
The objective of evaporation is to concentrate a non-volatile solute, carrying out the elimination of a volatile compound. Water is the volatile compound used in most evaporations.The rising or falling film evaporators are very useful if high...
RISING FILM EVAPORATOR - EPAB
  • EPAB
Available
11.1.2.- 蒸发
EPAB
Rising Film Evaporator
The objective of evaporation is to concentrate a non-volatile solute, carrying out the elimination of a volatile compound. Water is the volatile compound used in most evaporations.The rising or falling film evaporators are very useful if high...
COMPUTER CONTROLLED FALLING FILM EVAPORATOR - EPDC/C
  • EPDC/C
Available
11.1.2.- 蒸发
EPDC/C
Computer Controlled Falling Film Evaporator
The objective of the evaporation is to concentrate a non-volatile solute, carrying out the elimination of a volatile compound. Water is the volatile compound used in most evaporations. The rising or falling film evaporators are very useful...
DOUBLE EFFECT RISING FILM EVAPORATOR - EDPAB
  • EDPAB
Available
11.1.2.- 蒸发
EDPAB
Double Effect Rising Film Evaporator
The "EDPAB" unit, designed by EDIBON, allows to observe and control a serial, parallel or double effect evaporation process. The unit consists of two evaporators with a single glass tube, allowing the student to observe all the processes that take...
COMPUTER CONTROLLED THIN FILM EVAPORATOR - EPFC
  • EPFC
Available
11.1.2.- 蒸发
EPFC
Computer Controlled Thin Film Evaporator
The Computer Controlled Thin Film Evaporator "EPFC" has been designed to study (theoretical and practically) the different operating variables that influence the thin film evaporation process. The unit is formed by a thin film evaporator, a...
COMPUTER CONTROLLED BOILING HEAT TRANSFER UNIT - TCEC
  • TCEC
Available
11.1.3.- 沸腾
TCEC
Computer Controlled Boiling Heat Transfer Unit
The Computer Controlled Boiling Heat Transfer Unit, "TCEC", consists of a heating element horizontally mounted inside a vertical glass chamber submerged in coolant. This heating element is connected to a cylindrical copper sleeve in contact with...
BOILING HEAT TRANSFER UNIT - TCEB
  • TCEB
Available
11.1.3.- 沸腾
TCEB
Boiling Heat Transfer Unit
The Boiling Heat Transfer Unit, "TCEB", consists of a heating element horizontally mounted inside a vertical glass chamber submerged incoolant. This heating element is connected to a cylindrical copper sleeve in contact with the coolant. Attached...
COMPUTER CONTROLLED FLOW BOILING DEMONSTRATION UNIT - TFEC
  • TFEC
Available
11.1.3.- 沸腾
TFEC
Computer Controlled Flow Boiling Demonstration Unit
The Computer Controlled Flow Boiling Demonstration Unit, "TFEC", has as main component an experimental tube made of two glass concentric tubes. In these tubes two fluids flow crosscurrent: refrigerant, which flows by convection and in an...
FLOW BOILING DEMONSTRATION UNIT - TFEB
  • TFEB
Available
11.1.3.- 沸腾
TFEB
Flow Boiling Demonstration Unit
The Flow Boiling Demonstration Unit, "TFEB", has as main component an experimental tube made of two glass concentric tubes. In thesetubes two fluids flow crosscurrent: refrigerant, which flows by convection and in an ascendant way through the...
  • UDCC/A
Available
11.1.4.- 蒸馏和裂化
UDCC/A
Advanced Computer Controlled Continuous Destillation Unit
The Advanced Computer Controlled Continuous Distillation Unit "UDCC/A" is an installation that allows the study of fractional distillation using a packed column which is able to operate with different packings.There is a feeding system that...
COMPUTER CONTROLLED CONTINUOUS DISTILLATION UNIT - UDCC
  • UDCC
Available
11.1.4.- 蒸馏和裂化
UDCC
Computer Controlled Continuous Distillation Unit
The Computer Controlled Continuous Distillation Unit, "UDCC", is basically composed by a boiler on which different types of columns can be adapted (plate columns and Raschig rings column). An eight plate column, a reflux system, a tank for...
CONTINUOUS DISTILLATION UNIT - UDCB
  • UDCB
Available
11.1.4.- 蒸馏和裂化
UDCB
Continuous Distillation Unit
EDIBON's distillation unit is one of the most powerful laboratory tools, for the study of the variables that affect the distillation process. The student can investigate the principles that rule the material and energy transference, as well as...
COMPUTER CONTROLLED BATCH DISTILLATION UNIT - UDDC
  • UDDC
Available
11.1.4.- 蒸馏和裂化
UDDC
Computer Controlled Batch Distillation Unit
The Computer Controlled Batch Distillation Unit, "UDDC", is basically composed by a boiler on which different types of interchangeable columns can be adapted (plate columns and Raschig Rings column). An eight plate column, a reflux system and a...
BATCH DISTILLATION UNIT - UDDB
  • UDDB
Available
11.1.4.- 蒸馏和裂化
UDDB
Batch Distillation Unit
Distillation is used to separate liquid mixtures made up of individual liquids that are soluble in one another.EDIBON's distillation unit, in its different versions, is one of the most powerful laboratory tools for the study of the variables that...
COMPUTER CONTROLLED CRACKING COLUMN - QCCC
  • QCCC
Available
11.1.4.- 蒸馏和裂化
QCCC
Computer Controlled Cracking Column
The Computer Controlled Cracking Column, "QCCC", for cracking and distilling oil is a complete lab tool that allows to the students to carry out a cracking reaction, and the study and the control of different variables that condition it. Also, the...
COMPUTER CONTROLLED LIQUID-LIQUID EXTRACTION UNIT - UELLC
  • UELLC
Available
11.1.5.- 萃取
UELLC
Computer Controlled Liquid-Liquid Extraction Unit
The Computer Controlled Liquid-Liquid Extraction Unit, "UELLC", is a laboratory scale unit designed to study the separation of the components of liquid mixtures by contact of the mixture with an immiscible solvent in which these components are...
LIQUID-LIQUID EXTRACTION UNIT - UELL
  • UELL
Available
11.1.5.- 萃取
UELL
Liquid-Liquid Extraction Unit
The Liquid-Liquid Extraction Unit, "UELL", is a laboratory scale unit designed to study the separation of the components of liquid mixtures by contact of the mixture with an immiscible solvent in which these components are preferentially...
COMPUTER CONTROLLED SOLID-LIQUID EXTRACTION UNIT - UESLC
  • UESLC
Available
11.1.5.- 萃取
UESLC
Computer Controlled Solid-Liquid Extraction Unit
The Computer Controlled Solid-Liquid Extraction Unit, "UESLC", is a laboratory-scale unit designed for studying the separation of a soluble fraction from a solid with the help of a solvent in a continuous multistage and countercurrent way.The unit...
SOLID-LIQUID EXTRACTION UNIT - UESLB
  • UESLB
Available
11.1.5.- 萃取
UESLB
Solid-Liquid Extraction Unit
The Solid-Liquid Extraction Unit “UESLB” is a laboratory-scale unit designed to study the separation of a soluble element from a solid in a continuous feed, multistage and countercurrent way, with the help of a solvent.The unit utilises a rotary...
LIQUID MASS TRANSFER AND DIFFUSION UNIT - QDTL
  • QDTL
Available
11.1.6.- 扩散
QDTL
Liquid Mass Transfer and Diffusion Unit
The QDTL is a teaching unit that allows the students to familiarise with the notions of mass transfer theory, specially the diffusion in liquid systems, obtaining experimental data and results which are very useful for an ideal practice...
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