10.1.- 理论-实用基础

自动控制是工程的一个分支,它负责利用一套装置和机制来调节设备、过程或整个工厂的运行,称为控制系统。开环控制系统对系统输入(执行器)的作用与输出值无关。而闭环系统则是基于待控参数(被控变量)的反馈而运行。在这些系统中,传感器测量相应的变量,并通过控制器将测量值与期望值(参考信号)进行比较。根据比较中得到的差异(误差),对控制变量(被操纵变量)进行操作。通过框图来定义控制系统的各要素及其关系。

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经典控制理论在设计合适的控制策略时,确立了两个重要步骤:系统的识别和控制算法的定义。在识别过程中,最常用的方法是基于系统的时间响应分析(反应曲线法)、基于频率响应分析(Bode图)或基于拉普拉斯变换获得数学模型。根据所得到的系统模型(例如一阶系统、二阶系统或积分器)和所要满足的规格(闭环中的某一峰值时间、某一时间常数等),提出合适的控制策略,包括PID控制(比例-积分-衍生)和基于这类控制的控制(级联控制、多变量控制、预测控制或前馈、选择控制等)以及相位提前和延迟补偿器。

由于控制系统提供的优势,新的识别方法和先进的控制算法正在研究中。例如ARM、ARMAX和最小二乘识别方法以及自适应控制、预测控制和模糊控制算法。

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理论-实用基础 UNITS
Showing 1-17 of 17 item(s)
BASIC TEACHING UNIT FOR THE STUDY OF REGULATION AND CONTROL - RYC/B
  • RYC/B
Available
6.1.1.1.- 理论实用基础
RYC/B

用于调节和控制研究的基础教学设备

The Basic Teaching Unit for the Study of Regulation and Control, "RYC/B", allows the user to learn the basics about regulation and control of first and second order systems.This unit enables to carry a set of practices related with basic...
COMPUTER CONTROLLED MODULAR CONTROL AND REGULATION UNIT - RYC/T
  • RYC/T
Available
10.1.- 理论-实用基础
RYC/T

Computer Controlled Modular Control and Regulation Unit

Regulation and control theory is divided into two major divisions in, namely, classical and modern. The implementation of classical controller designs as compared to systems designed using modern control theory is easier and these controllers are...
BALL AND BEAM MODULE - RYC-BB
Available
6.1.1.1.- 理论实用基础
RYC-BB

Ball and Beam Module

配件 RYC/T, RYC
The "RYC-BB" Ball and Beam module has been designed to study a practical control system, through the study of a classical control system, the Ball and Beam Control system.The "RYC-BB" module consists of two main components: the "RYC-BB" apparatus...
DC SERVO MOTOR MODULE - RYC-SM
Available
6.1.1.1.- 理论实用基础
RYC-SM

DC Servo Motor Module

配件 RYC/T, RYC
The "RYC-SM" Servo Motor module has been designed to study a practical control system, through the control of the position and speed of a DC Servo Motor.The "RYC-SM" module consists of two main components: the "RYC-SM" apparatus and the "RYC-SM"...
AIR FLOW TEMPERATURE CONTROL MODULE - RYC-TAR
Available
6.1.1.1.- 理论实用基础
RYC-TAR

Air Flow Temperature Control Module

配件 RYC/T, RYC
The "RYC-TAR" Air Flow Temperature Control module has been designed to study a practical control system, through the control of an air flow temperature.The "RYC-TAR" module consists of two main components: the "RYC-TAR" apparatus and the "RYC-TAR"...
INVERTED PENDULUM CONTROL MODULE - RYC-PI
Available
6.1.1.1.- 理论实用基础
RYC-PI

Inverted Pendulum Control Module

配件 RYC/T, RYC
The "RYC-PI" Inverted Pendulum Control module has been designed to study a practical control system, through the control of a linear position system of movable cart.The "RYC-PI" module consists of two main components: the "RYC-PI" apparatus and...
MAGNETIC LEVITATION CONTROL MODULE - RYC-CLM
Available
6.1.1.1.- 理论实用基础
RYC-CLM

Magnetic Levitation Control Module

配件 RYC/T, RYC
The "RYC-CLM" Magnetic Levitation Control module has been designed to study a practical control system.The "RYC-CLM" module consists of two main components: the "RYC-CLM" apparatus and the "RYC-CLM" interface box. The "RYC-CLM" apparatus contains...
WATER FLOW TEMPERATURE CONTROL MODULE - RYC-TAG
Available
6.1.1.1.- 理论实用基础
RYC-TAG

Water Flow Temperature Control Module

配件 RYC/T, RYC
The "RYC-TAG" Water Flow Temperature Control module has been designed to study a practical control system, through the control of water flow temperature.The "RYC-TAG" module consists of two main components: the "RYC-TAG" apparatus and the...
TEMPERATURE CONTROL MODULE - RYC-TE
Available
6.1.1.1.- 理论实用基础
RYC-TE

Temperature Control Module

配件 RYC/T, RYC
The "RYC-TE" Temperature Control module has been designed to study a practical control system, through the control of the water temperature in a tank.The "RYC-TE" module consists of two main components: the "RYC-TE" apparatus and the "RYC-TE"...
PRESSURE CONTROL MODULE - RYC-P
Available
6.1.1.1.- 理论实用基础
RYC-P

Pressure Control Module

配件 RYC/T, RYC
The "RYC-P" Pressure Control module has been designed to study a practical control system, through the control of the air pressure level of an air pressure tank.The "RYC-P" module consists of two main components: the "RYC-P" apparatus and the...
LEVEL CONTROL MODULE - RYC-N
Available
6.1.1.1.- 理论实用基础
RYC-N

Level Control Module

配件 RYC/T, RYC
The "RYC-N" Level Control module has been designed to study a practical control system, through the control of the water level of a tank.The "RYC-N" module consists of two main components: the "RYC-N" apparatus and the "RYC-N" interface box. The...
FLOW RATE CONTROL MODULE - RYC-C
Available
6.1.1.1.- 理论实用基础
RYC-C

Flow Rate Control Module

配件 RYC/T, RYC
The "RYC-C" Flow Rate Control module has been designed to study a practical control system, through the flow rate of a close water circuit.The "RYC-C" module consists of two main components: the "RYC-C" apparatus and the "RYC-C" interface box. The...
LUMINOSITY CONTROL MODULE - RYC-I
Available
6.1.1.1.- 理论实用基础
RYC-I

Luminosity Control Module

配件 RYC/T, RYC
The "RYC-I" Luminosity Control module has been designed to study a practical control system and study different light sensors, through the luminosity control with three different light sensors.The "RYC-I" module consists of two main components:...
PH CONTROL MODULE - RYC-pH
Available
6.1.1.1.- 理论实用基础
RYC-pH

pH Control Module

配件 RYC/T, RYC
The "RYC-pH" pH Control module has been designed to study a practical control system, through the pH dissolution control in a stirred tank.The "RYC-pH" module consists of two main components: "RYC-pH" apparatus and "RYC-pH" interface box. The...
POSITION CONTROL MODULE - RYC-CP
Available
6.1.1.1.- 理论实用基础
RYC-CP

Position Control Module

配件 RYC/T, RYC
The "RYC-CP" Position Control module has been designed to study a practical control system, through the control of a linear position system.The "RYC-CP" module consists of two main components: the "RYC-CP" apparatus and the "RYC-CP" interface box....
COMPUTER CONTROLLED GENERATING STATIONS CONTROL AND REGULATION SIMULATOR - SCE
  • SCE
Available
6.1.1.1.- 理论实用基础
SCE

电脑控制发电设备控制和调节模拟器

Unit designed to simulate the regulation behaviour of a hydroelectric generating station, as a didactic application with different aspects ofregulation, control and simulation.It is possible to work with this unit in 2 ways:REAL mode (continuous...
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