14.- 生物醫學工程

生物医学工程研究工程知识在生物和医学领域的应用。结合电子控制和仪器系统,应用数学算法和物理、化学原理,生物医学工程可以研究和开发解决临床问题的新技术和新设备。这门学科的范围从诊断元件和医疗软件工具的设计到研究心脏或神经系统的生理分析。

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生物医学工程经过多年的发展,随着科学技术的进步。如今,生命体征监测系统或诊断设备等设备为医疗工作提供了便利。X线、超声、磁共振等图像分析方法的发展,可以清晰、快速地研究人体。此外,还使用医院管理和远程医疗软件。

由于当今社会需要快速、高效的医疗解决方案,生物医学工程的未来发展道路十分广阔。通过日常使用的电子设备,可以对患者进行远程监测,跟踪生命体征值,以便分析健康问题前的症状,甚至预防可能出现的问题。生物医学工程的另一个趋势是实验室工具的简化。诸如片上实验室(LOC)这样的系统将把实验室功能集成在一个芯片上。新的机器人手术技术、新的有机材料制造人工组织和再生组织或3D打印人工器官,将使解决未来医疗需求成为可能。

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生物醫學工程 SUBCATEGORIES

14.1.- 生物力学

生物力学研究的是生物体的运动力学,包括人体的运动。这个研究范围从日常生活中最简单的动作,如工作或运动中的活动,到一些内部器官的运动,如心脏。为了研究人体的动力学,生物力学应用力学原理和解剖学和生理学知识,允许设计新的诊断和治疗仪器,开发更好的假肢和植入物设计。现在,生物力学分析的是关节和肌肉组合的不同运动。通过这些分析,可以研究人体所受的载荷和应力。对人体动力学的了解使治疗损伤和随后的康复成为可能,使设计能够灵活移动的假肢成为可能,使寻找新的运动技术以提高体育活动的成绩或防止在工作和家庭中进行活动时有机体的退化成为可能。所有这些知识可以分为生物力学的几个领域:医学生物力学、运动生物力学和...

14.2.- 生物医学电子

生物医学工程研究工程知识在生物和医学领域的应用。其中生物医学电子学是该工程最相关的领域之一,将电子学的概念应用到医疗仪器的开发中。现在,医学上开发的很多工艺都需要电子工程的支持,才能解决某些需求。从电阻、线圈、电容等基本电子元件的组合,到更复杂的信号调理电路、模/数转换(A/D)或电磁波发射,都可以设计出能够从生物体获取信息或应用医疗的设备。此外,控制电子技术,如PID调节器或神经网络,使得开发能够在实验室中以受控方式供应物质或平衡化学反应(stoichiometry)的医疗设备和仪器成为可能。其他元件,如液晶显示器(LCD)或LED显示器,具有非常低的功耗,使其成为便携式医疗设备的理想...

14.3.- 生物医学设备

生物医学设备是指在医学、生物学和制药领域使用的一套仪器。生物医学设备的设计与生物医学仪器有直接的关系,其中的仪器是为了获取信息、应用治疗或进行化学和生物过程。在医疗技术领域,生物医学设备是指用于医疗和外科护理、诊断、治疗和康复的设备。该设备的目的是实现临床过程的自动化,如控制生命体征、呼吸控制和肺活量或电外科。它们还用于应用新的治疗方法,如使用微波、超声波或磁疗。此外,生物医学设备在实验室中用于样品分析、细菌培养、冷冻干燥脱水或电解分离物质。生物医学设备的未来重点是为患者寻求尽可能高的生活质量,设计自主的临床过程,并以其获得可靠和安全的结果,以及生物分析和化学合成设备的技术进步。生物医疗...
生物醫學工程 UNITS
Showing 1-30 of 181 item(s)
BASIC MECHANICS INTEGRATED LABORATORY - LIMEBA
  • LIMEBA
Available
14.1.1.- 机械基础套件
LIMEBA
Basic Mechanics Integrated Laboratory
LIMEBA consists on a complete set of exercises and practical experiments belonging to the area of Applied Mechanics in its two mainsubareas:Statics: the analysis of structures in balance.Dynamics: analysis of the motion of mechanisms.LIMEBA is...
PANEL AND COMMON ELEMENTS CASE FOR LIMEBA - MECA/EC
Available
14.1.1.- 机械基础套件
MECA/EC
Panel and Common Elements Case for LIMEBA
配件 LIMEBA
It is the supporting structure where the modules’s elements are mounted in order to undertake the experiments and hence, the basepanel is necessary along with any module.The panel is pierced with equidistant holes that help students to take...
STATICS EXPERIMENTS - MECA1
Available
14.1.1.- 机械基础套件
MECA1
Statics Experiments
配件 LIMEBA
Statics is the part of Mechanics that studies any kind of structure or element in balance-equilibrium.Basically the module consist on experiments in which the student shall learn to deduce the main principles of Statics and its most important...
TRANSMISSIONS EXPERIMENTS - MECA3
Available
14.1.1.- 机械基础套件
MECA3
Transmissions Experiments
配件 LIMEBA
Most recent machines require the transmission of motion between elements to obtain the desired mechanical result. The mechanisms studied in this module are those that transmit motion between two axles.
DYNAMICS EXPERIMENTS - MECA4
Available
14.1.1.- 机械基础套件
MECA4
Dynamics Experiments
配件 LIMEBA
Dynamics is the part of Mechanics that analyzes the motion of an element or mechanism caused by a force. Thus the study is concentrated on the basic laws of Dynamics.
FRICTION EXPERIMENTS - MECA5
Available
14.1.1.- 机械基础套件
MECA5
Friction Experiments
配件 LIMEBA
This module considers the most important phenomenon of Dynamics: Friction. It is a manifestation of the energy loss due to contact, effect that happens in every real-world mechanism.
SPECIAL MECHANISMS EXPERIMENTS - MECA6
Available
14.1.1.- 机械基础套件
MECA6
Special Mechanisms Experiments
配件 LIMEBA
This module considers various mechanisms frequently used in industrial processes, without them some operations would not be possible with the same efficiency. Here these mechanisms are shown and their function analyzed.
SLIDER CRANK MECHANISM - MBD
  • MBD
Available
14.1.2.1.- 机制
MBD
Slider Crank Mechanism
The Slider Crank Mechanism, “MBD”, designed by EDIBON, is an example of slider-crank mechanism.This mechanism is made of aluminum and consists of a rotary element (graduated disc), called crank, connected to a rigid bar, calledconnecting rod. When...
SCOTCH YOKE MECHANISM - MYE
  • MYE
Available
14.1.2.1.- 机制
MYE
Scotch Yoke Mechanism
The Scotch Yoke Mechanism, "MYE", designed by EDIBON, is an example of slider-crank mechanism for converting the linear motion ofa slider into rotational motion or vice versa.It is made of aluminum and consists of a rotary element, called crank,...
SLOTTED LINK MECHANISM - MBM1
  • MBM1
Available
14.1.2.1.- 机制
MBM1
Slotted Link Mechanism
The Slotted Link Mechanism, “MBM1”, is an example of a quick-return mechanism, capable of transforming circular motion intoreciprocating motion. It is made of aluminum and consists of a rotary element (graduated disk), called crank, connected to a...
WHITWORTH QUICK RETURN MECHANISM - MBM2
  • MBM2
Available
14.1.2.1.- 机制
MBM2
Whitworth Quick Return Mechanism
The Whitworth Quick Return Mechanism, "MBM2", is a mechanism able to transform circular movement into reciprocating movement. It ismade of aluminum and consists of a rotary element, called crank, with a graduated disk, connected to a rigid bar,...
FOUR-BAR MECHANISM - MCA
  • MCA
Available
14.1.2.1.- 机制
MCA
Four-Bar Mechanism
The Four-Bar Mechanism, "MCA", designed by EDIBON, is a bench-top unit to perform laboratory experiments.It is made of anodized aluminum and consists of two rotary elements (graduated discs) mounted on ball bearings. The discs include a scaleto...
GENEVA STOP MECHANISM - MME
  • MME
Available
14.1.2.1.- 机制
MME
Geneva Stop Mechanism
The Geneva Stop Mechanism, "MME", designed by EDIBON, is a mechanism that transforms continuous circular motion into intermittent motion. It is a positive drive in which the driven wheel is positively moved or locked.It is made of aluminum and...
COUPLING MECHANISM - MAC
  • MAC
Available
14.1.2.1.- 机制
MAC
Coupling Mechanism
The Coupling Mechanism, "MAC", represents a simple Oldham type coupling. The lateral displacement of the input and output shafts may be varied and circular scales are fitted to the input and output flanges.It consists of two outer discs made of...
HOOKE'S JOINT MECHANISM - MUN
  • MUN
Available
14.1.2.1.- 机制
MUN
Hooke's Joint Mechanism
The Hooke’s Joint Mechanism, "MUN", designed by EDIBON, represents a universal coupling, also called a U-joint, Hooke joint or Cardan joint. The Hooke joint is a universal mechanism that is often used to transmit rotary motion between two...
CAM AND FOLLOWER MECHANISM - MEX
  • MEX
Available
14.1.2.1.- 机制
MEX
Cam and Follower Mechanism
The Cam and Follower Mechanism, "MEX", allows to study the cam-follower and eccentric-follower mechanisms. For that purpose, several plate cam models in different forms, one eccentric and several roller-shaped, flat-shaped, wedge-shaped and...
CRANK MECHANISM - MBI
  • MBI
Available
14.1.2.1.- 机制
MBI
Crank Mechanism
The Crank Mechanism "MBI", is a unit designed to observe, study and record the motion of a crank and the forces involved in a simple engine mechanism. The piston is linearly displaced through a cylinder with the aid of a guide.Bearings are coupled...
ACKERMANN STEERING MECHANISM - MDA
  • MDA
Available
7.1.2.1.- 机制
MDA
Ackermann Steering Mechanism
The Ackermann Steering Mechanism, "MDA", is a bench-mounted unit designed to determine the lead angle of a steering trapezoid in an Ackermann steering mechanism, the disadvantages of incorrectly adjusted track rods and the influence of the track...
WINCH MECHANISM - MMEL
  • MMEL
Available
14.1.2.1.- 机制
MMEL
Winch Mechanism
The Winch Mechanism, "MMEL", allows to study the lifting velocity and load transmission of a winch. Efficiency and load transmission can be determined by force balance.The unit consists of a gear transmission mechanism. One gear is the input gear...
BAR LINKAGES UNIT - MBLU
  • MBLU
Available
7.1.2.1.- 机制
MBLU
Bar Linkages Unit
The Bar Linkages Unit "MBLU" allows many experiments using different arrangements of their parts.The "MBLU" unit includes a selection of more than twenty perforated bars of different lengths and pivots or "joints" to allow students to configure...
WORM AND WHEEL UNIT - MTSF
  • MTSF
Available
14.1.2.2.- 齿轮
MTSF
Worm and Wheel Unit
The Worm and Wheel Unit, "MTSF", allows to demonstrate the principle of a worm gear.The unit consists in a worm and a wheel. These parts are mounted on ball bearings and fixed to a vertical panel.The worm and wheel are positioned a set distance...
ACCELERATION OF GEARED SYSTEM UNIT - MAE
  • MAE
Available
14.1.2.2.- 齿轮
MAE
Acceleration of Geared System Unit
The Acceleration of Geared Systems Unit "MAE" allows to perform tests to calculate the moment of inertia of a gear train system.The MAE unit includes six gears. Two of them can have another position in the shafts to vary the gear ratio, allowing...
SIMPLE DRIVES ASSEMBLY UNIT - MSDA
  • MSDA
Available
14.1.2.2.- 齿轮
MSDA
Simple Drives Assembly Unit
The Simple Drives Assembly Unit, "MSDA", allows the knowledge and learning of the fundamentals of the mechanical transmission technique, as well as the assembly, disassembly and experimentation with simple gears.The unit allows to carry out...
UNIT TO STUDY COMBINED DRIVES ASSEMBLY - MCDA
  • MCDA
Available
14.1.2.2.- 齿轮
MCDA
Combined Drives Assembly Unit
The Combined Drives Assembly Unit, "MCDA", allows carrying out advanced exercises and provides an understanding of the significant components and arrangements of the mechanical drive technology.With this unit, practices can be carried out to...
GEAR TRAIN ASSEMBLY UNIT - MGTA
  • MGTA
Available
14.1.2.2.- 齿轮
MGTA
Gear Train Assembly Unit
The Unit to Study Gear Train Assembly, "MGTA", allows to perform diverse assemblies of gearboxes. The student will essentially learn the practice of assembling gear components in transmissions and will be introduced to the technique of mechanical...
GEAR GENERATION UNIT - MGE
  • MGE
Available
14.1.2.2.- 齿轮
MGE
Gear Generation Unit
The Gear Generation Unit, "MGE", has been designed by EDIBON to study rack and pinion systems. With this unit the student can draw by an easy procedure the profile of a tooth, produced by the involute process of the rack when passing over the...
GEARED STUDY UNIT OLD - MESE-T
  • MESE-T
Available
7.1.2.2.- 齿轮
MESE-T
Geared Study
The Geared Study Drive Unit, "MESE", has been designed to dynamically study different gears, including a standard three shaft gear trainfor study, which can be modified with a simple setting to obtain a simple transmission.For the dynamic study...
GEARED LIFTING UNIT - MEE
  • MEE
Available
14.1.2.2.- 齿轮
MEE
Geared Lifting Unit
The Geared Lifting Unit, "MEE", has been designed to study a simple lifting mechanism and its use to determine the speed ratio, its mechanical advantages and efficiency.The unit is mounted on a metal structure with bearings that support the gear...
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