9.8.- 热机

热机是一组机械元件,通过可压缩流体将能量从热源传递到冷源的循环过程进行工作。

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在热机中,工作流体在通过时有明显的密度变化。相反,在液压机中,这种变化可以忽略不计。

热机的分类有几个标准。

  • 根据能量传递的方向:电机或发电机。
  • 根据其构成:旋转式或往复式。
  • 根据流量的连续性:容积式或连续式流量。
  • 根据燃烧的地点:外燃或内燃。

最重要的火力发电设备是:

  • 涡轮机:是一种流体连续通过的旋转机械,它通过轴传递能量。当流体通过构成机器的叶片时,其压力会降低,使其旋转。
  • 内燃机:顾名思义,它是一种直接从燃烧室内产生的燃料获得机械能的机器。最广泛的有:内燃机(奥托循环)、柴油机(柴油循环)、斯特林发动机。
  • 蒸汽机:是一种将热能转化为机械能的外燃机。它是发电厂使用的发动机。

热机用于动力循环。它们可用于发电厂的循环,如蒸汽的朗肯循环,或例如,在使用气体的情况下,用布雷顿循环进行推进。

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热机 UNITS
Showing 1-9 of 9 item(s)
COMPUTER CONTROLLED TWO -SHAFT GAS TURBINE - TGDEC
  • TGDEC
Available
5.4.- 常规能源
TGDEC

Computer Controlled Two -Shaft Gas Turbine

The main element of the Computer Controlled Two-Shaft Gas Turbine "TGDEC" is the High Pressure Turbine, which is also called Gas Generative Turbine. It consists of:Radial compressor, which is feeded by atmospheric air to compress it.Tubular...
COMPUTER CONTROLLED TWO-SHAFT GAS TURBINE/ JET ENGINE - TGDEPC
  • TGDEPC
Available
5.4.- 常规能源
TGDEPC

Computer Controlled Two-Shaft Gas Turbine/ Jet Engine

The main element of the "TGDEPC" unit is the High Pressure Turbine, which is also called Gas Generative Turbine. It consists of: - Radial compressor, which is feeded by atmospheric air to compress it. - Tubular combustion chamber. In every...
COMPUTER CONTROLLED AXIAL FLOW GAS TURBINE/ JET ENGINE - TGFAC
  • TGFAC
Available
9.9.- 内部燃烧发动机
TGFAC

Computer Controlled Axial Flow Gas Turbine/ Jet Engine

The main element of the "TGFAC" unit is the gas turbine, which consists of:Axial compressor, supplied by atmospheric air that will be compressed afterwards.Annular combustion chamber, where fuel is added to the compressed air and that mixture is...
COMPUTER CONTROLLED SOLAR/HEAT SOURCE VAPOUR TURBINE - HTVC
  • HTVC
Available
5.3.10.- 蒸汽轮机和有机朗肯循环
HTVC

Computer Controlled Solar/Heat Source Vapour Turbine

The Computer Controlled Solar/Heat Source Vapour Turbine, "HTVC", has been designed to provide an easily understood vapour power plant and to demonstrate, on a lab scale, the ability to produce shaft power from Solar Radiation.It is a bench-top...
COMPUTER CONTROLLED STIRLING MOTOR - TMSC
  • TMSC
Available
5.3.11.- 其他非常规系统
TMSC

电脑控制斯特林电机

The Computer Controlled Stirling Motor, "TMSC", is used to demonstrate the operation of a thermodynamic machine for the conversion of energy. It converts thermal energy into mechanical energy and operates as a motor (heat engine). Additionally it...
STIRLING MOTOR - TMSB
  • TMSB
Available
9.8.- 热机
TMSB

斯特林电机

The Stirling Motor, "TMSB", is used to demonstrate the operation of a thermodynamic machine for the conversion of energy. It converts thermal energy into mechanical energy and operates as a motor (heat engine). Additionally it can operate an...
COMPUTER CONTROLLED 1.5 KW STEAM POWER PLANT - TPTVC/1.5kW
  • TPTVC/1.5kW
Available
5.3.10.- 蒸汽轮机和有机朗肯循环
TPTVC/1.5kW

Computer Controlled 1.5 kW Steam Power Plant

The Computer Controlled 1.5kW Steam Power Plant, "TPTVC/1.5kW", represents a laboratory scale power plant, guaranteeing a great similarity with a real system. It offers many practical exercises to familiarize the student with the operation...
COMPUTER CONTROLLED STEAM POWER PLANT ADJUSTABLE UP TO 20 KW - TPTVC/20kW
  • TPTVC/20kW
Available
5.3.10.- 蒸汽轮机和有机朗肯循环
TPTVC/20kW

Computer Controlled Steam Power Plant Adjustable up to 20 kW

The Computer Controlled Steam Power Plant Adjustable up to 20 kW, "TPTVC/20kW", represents a laboratory scale power plant, guaranteeing a great similarity with a real system. It offers many practical exercises to familiarize the student with the...
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