12.3.- 饮用水处理

饮水,即适合人类饮用的水,是任何文明的根本。此外,由于人口增长和工业发展,饮用水的需求量也在增加。

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饮用水是经过一系列物理、化学和生物处理后获得的。这种对饮用水的需求催生了饮用水处理厂或站(DWTP)。污水处理厂的主要阶段或过程是:

  1. 系统进水的接收和均化。
  2. 粗过滤,消除可能对安装造成损害的粗颗粒。
  3. 加入氧化剂和凝固剂的反应过程。此阶段可消除气味、味道、病原体和无机物(矿物质)或有机物(酸、亚硝酸盐等)。根据污染物的不同,采用曝气、高锰酸钾、氯气或其他技术。
  4. 滗水,消除水中仍含有的较小固体。通常使用絮凝剂。
  5. 过滤,倾倒后结束澄清过程。
  6. 调理。对pH值进行调整,有时还要进行加氟和消毒,以消除病原体。同时,也保证了铁和锰的消除。这一步非常关键,因为在处理后必须对水进行分析,并验证其是否符合法律规定的供应要求。
  7. 储存和供应经过处理的水或饮用水;

如今,法律不断通过,对水的锅化质量提出了更高的要求,所以必须不断学习和研究水处理的工艺和技术。

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饮用水处理 UNITS
Showing 1-16 of 16 item(s)
COMPUTER CONTROLLED FLOCCULATION TEST UNIT - PEFC
  • PEFC
Available
13.3.- 废水处理
PEFC
计算机控制的絮凝试验装置
The Computer Controlled Flocculation Test Unit, "PEFC", shows the removal of dissolved substances by coagulation and flocculation.It has six beakers where water to be tested is poured. Each one has one adjustable speed paddle stirrer.The unit is...
FLOCCULATION TEST UNIT - PEF
  • PEF
Available
13.3.- 废水处理
PEF
絮凝试验装置
The Flocculation Test Unit, "PEF", shows the removal of dissolved substances by coagulation and flocculation.It has six beakers where water to be tested is poured. Each one has one adjustable speed paddle stirrer.The unit is illuminated from the...
COMPUTER CONTROLLED AERATION UNIT - PEAIC
  • PEAIC
Available
13.3.- 废水处理
PEAIC
计算机控制通风装置
The Computer Controlled Aeration Unit, "PEAIC", allows the study of the oxygen transfer characteristics of diffused air systems and the physical and chemical parameters which influence oxygenation capacity and demonstrates the water aeration...
AERATION UNIT - PEAI
  • PEAI
Available
13.3.- 废水处理
PEAI
通风装置
The Aeration Unit, "PEAI", allows the study of the oxygen transfer characteristics of diffused air systems and the physical and chemical parameters which influence oxygenation capacity and demonstrates the water aeration process which, mainly,...
COMPUTER CONTROLLED DEEP BED FILTER UNIT - EFLPC
  • EFLPC
Available
11.1.11.- 过滤, 沉淀和混合
EFLPC
计算机控制深床过滤装备
The Computer Controlled Deep Bed Filter Unit, "EFLPC", allows us to filter a fluid in order to eliminate particles in suspension, to have it in more adequate conditions for its subsequent use or consumption. The pump takes raw water from one of...
DEEP BED FILTER UNIT - EFLP
  • EFLP
Available
11.1.11.- 过滤, 沉淀和混合
EFLP
深床过滤装置
The Deep Bed Filter Unit, "EFLP", allows us to filter a fluid in order to eliminate particles in suspension, to have it in more adequate conditions for its subsequent use or consumption. The pump takes raw water from one of the reservoirs of the...
ION EXCHANGE UNIT - EII
  • EII
Available
11.1.9.- 离子交换与腐蚀
EII
离子交换装置
The Ion Exchange Unit, "EII", is a self-contained unit composed by a panel, where two transparent columns are situated in order to put anionic and cationic resins, and also a spare column and a pump, which supplies the efficient from the tanks...
COMPUTER CONTROLLED WATER QUALITY CONTROL UNIT - PCCAC
  • PCCAC
Available
13.3.- 废水处理
PCCAC
计算机控制水质控制设备
Water is impelled by a pump from a supply tank towards a first transparent tank equipped with a stirrer and a conductivity sensor. Conductivity is regulated in this tank by the addition of diluted caustic soda impelled by a computer controlled...
SEDIMENTATION, PRECIPITATION AND FLOCCULATION UNIT - SPFB
  • SPFB
Available
13.3.- 废水处理
SPFB
Sedimentation, Precipitation and Flocculation Unit
The Sedimentation, Precipitation and Flocculation Unit, "SPFB", has been designed by EDIBON to study the parameters that affect the physicochemical treatment of wastewater for purification. The objective of the unit is to reduce colloidal and...
COMPUTER CONTROLLED REVERSE OSMOSIS/ULTRAFILTRATION UNIT - ROUC
  • ROUC
Available
11.1.11.- 过滤, 沉淀和混合
ROUC
计算机控制反渗透/超滤设备
The Computer Controlled Reverse Osmosis/Ultrafiltration Unit, "ROUC", performs a tangential flow filtration process, which is a system that prevents the formation of impurities sediments that reduces its capacity.Two variable of the effluent must...
COMPUTER CONTROLLED ADSORPTION UNIT - PEAC
  • PEAC
Available
11.1.8.- 吸收与吸附
PEAC
计算机控制吸附设备
The Computer Controlled Adsorption Unit, "PEAC", demonstrates the removal of substances dissolved by adsorption. A computer controlled pump impels raw water (treated) from a supply tank to two adsorbers filled with activated carbon. A flow sensor...
COMPUTER CONTROLLED DISSOLVED AIR FLOTATION UNIT - PFADC
  • PFADC
Available
13.3.- 废水处理
PFADC
计算机控制溶气浮选设备
The Computer Controlled Dissolved Air Flotation Unit, "PFADC", has been designed to study the flotation treatment process. For that purpose, raw water with different chemical products will be treated. Flotation is achieved when a fluid with...
COMPUTER CONTROLLED BIOFILM PROCESS UNIT - PPBC
  • PPBC
Available
13.3.- 废水处理
PPBC
计算机控制生物膜法设备
The Computer Controlled Biofilm Process Unit, "PPBC", has been designed to study the operation of a trickling filter, which removes microorganisms and filters contaminated water. The unit simulates the treatment given to water in a wastewater...
COMPUTER CONTROLLED WATER TREATMENT PLANT 1 - PPTAC/1
  • PPTAC/1
Available
13.3.- 废水处理
PPTAC/1
计算机控制水处理厂1
The Computer Controlled Water Treatment Plant 1, "PPTAC/1", allows to study the main principle of the critical operations in the water treatment.These operations are: depth filtration, adsorption and ion exchange.The general objective of the...
COMPUTER CONTROLLED WATER TREATMENT PLANT 2 - PPTAC/2
  • PPTAC/2
Available
13.3.- 废水处理
PPTAC/2
计算机控制水处理厂2
The Computer Controlled Water Treatment Plant 2, "PPTAC/2", allows to study the main principle of the basic operations in the water treatment.These operations are: depth filtration and ion exchange.The general objective of the exercises is to...
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