7.3.- 材料工程

材料工程是负责材料科学工业解释的科学工业分支。人类学上,根据制造工具的材料(石器时代、青铜时代等),对人类发展的不同阶段进行了分类。因此,人类的发展与新材料的研究密切相关。

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在过去的200年里,关于材料的发现就像吉布斯的贡献一样具有启示性,它证明了材料的特性与其结构之间存在着关系。这些都使得石墨烯等新材料的开发和纳米材料或纳米技术等新领域的研究成为可能。

为了达到这样的发展水平,必须进行无数次的试验,既有屈曲、硬度(洛氏、布氏、维氏、马顿斯)、扭转、牵引力(韧性和回弹力)、拉力(蠕变)、剪切力等机械试验,也有化学试验(热处理、内部结构等)。还可以对材料进行以下分类:

  • 金属(黑色和有色金属);
  • 瓷器。
  • 聚合物(热塑性塑料、热固性塑料和弹性体);
  • 复合材料;

这些进步的应用在不同的工业领域都有明显的体现,如汽车、电子、航空航天、航空、生物医学等,从而使材料工程在当今社会具有重要意义。

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材料工程 UNITS
Showing 1-29 of 29 item(s)
COMPUTER CONTROLLED PHOTOELASTICITY UNIT - EFOC
  • EFOC
Available
7.3.1.- 光弹性和引伸
EFOC
光弹单元与应变仪测量系统
Unit for photoelasticity practices, illustrating the subjects of the Photoelasticity theory, the Elasticity theory, Strength of Materials, andStructure theory.It is very suitable for the introduction and study of photoelasticity: optical elements,...
PHOTOELASTICITY UNIT - EFO
  • EFO
Available
7.3.1.- 光弹性和引伸
EFO
光测弹性学设备
Unit for photoelasticity practices, illustrating the subjects of the Photoelasticity theory, the Elasticity theory, Strength of Materials, andStructure theory.It is very suitable for the introduction and study of photoelasticity: optical elements,...
COMPUTER CONTROLLED PHOTOELASTICITY UNIT WITH ARTIFICIAL VISION SYSTEM - EFOV
  • EFOV
Available
7.3.1.- 光弹性和引伸
EFOV
光弹性法与人工视觉系统单元
Unit for photoelasticity practices, illustrating the subjects of the Photoelasticity theory, the Elasticity theory, Strength of Materials, andStructure theory.It is very suitable for the introduction and study of photoelasticity: optical elements,...
STRAIN GAUGE TRAINING UNIT - MEGE
  • MEGE
Available
7.3.1.- 光弹性和引伸
MEGE
应变仪培训设备
The Strain Gauge Training Unit, "MEGE", provides an introduction to the fundamentals of measurement with strain gauges, to compare how resistance strain gauges work and how they measure strains in different structures (torsion, tension and bending...
UNIT FOR DETERMINING THE GAUGE FACTOR OF STRAIN GAUGES - MFGE
  • MFGE
Available
7.3.1.- 光弹性和引伸
MFGE
应变仪应变系数测量设备
The Unit for Determining the Gauge Factor of Strain Gauges, "MFGE", allows to determine the k factor of strain gauges.The bar rests on two supports with ball bearings, so that it is possible to work with a load under pure bending.To perform such...
PHOTOELASTIC STRESS DEMONSTRATION UNIT - PSD
  • PSD
Available
7.3.1.- 光弹性和引伸
PSD
Photoelastic Stress Demonstration Unit
The Photoelastic Stress Demonstration Unit, "PSD", consists of a frame on which the test specimens are placed. The specimens are made of a special transparent material that has a double optical refraction effect under the action of a mechanical...
UNIVERSAL MATERIAL TESTING UNIT - EEU/20KN
  • EEU/20KN
Available
7.3.2.1.- 机械测试
EEU/20KN
通用材料测试装置-20KN
The Universal Material Testing Unit, "EEU/20KN", is a didactic bench-top universal material testing unit. It is distinguished by its rigid construction, accurate control and a precise hydraulic system to apply loads of up to 20 kN, which enables...
BRINELL HARDNESS TESTING UNIT - EEDB
  • EEDB
Available
7.3.2.1.- 机械测试
EEDB
布氏硬度测试单位
The Brinell Hardness Testing Unit, "EEDB", is a hardness tester that determines Brinell hardness in metals, hard alloys, tempered steels, etc. Besides, it can be used with other materials, such as rigid plastics, bakelite, etc.A penetrating ball...
BRINELL, VICKERS & ROCKWELL HARDNESS TESTING UNIT - EBVR
  • EBVR
Available
7.3.2.1.- 机械测试
EBVR
布氏、维氏、洛氏硬度测试计单元
The Brinell, Vickers and Rockwell Hardness Testing Unit, "EBVR", consists of a hardness testing machine that determines the three main types of hardness (Brinell, Vickers and Rockwell). It can be adapted to determine hardness of ferrous materials...
CREEP TESTING UNIT - EEFCR
  • EEFCR
Available
7.3.2.1.- 机械测试
EEFCR
蠕变试验设备
The Creep Testing Unit, "EEFCR", for the creep testing is mounted on a structure of aluminum profiles which a painted steel panel is supported on.The "EEFCR" unit is designed to carry out experiments on specimens of plastic materials. Due to the...
COMPUTER CONTROLLED FATIGUE TESTING UNIT - EEFC
  • EEFC
Available
7.3.2.1.- 机械测试
EEFC
计算机控制疲劳试验装置
The Computer Controlled Fatigue Testing Unit, "EEFC", designed by EDIBON, allows to study the fatigue strength of the materials. For that purpose, fatigue tests are performed with different materials and notches.Optionally, with the additional...
FATIGUE TESTING UNIT - EEF
  • EEF
Available
7.3.2.1.- 机械测试
EEF
疲劳试验设备
The Fatigue Testing Unit, "EEF", designed by EDIBON, allows to study the fatigue strength of the materials. For that purpose, fatigue tests are performed with different materials and notches.Optionally, with the additional recommended element Set...
CHARPY AND IZOD IMPACT TESTING UNIT - EEICI
  • EEICI
Available
7.3.2.1.- 机械测试
EEICI
夏比和悬臂梁式冲击测试设备
The Charpy and Izod Impact Testing Unit, "EEICI", consists of a pendulum supported on bearings with an arm of 330 mm long and a fastening system in the initial position of the test. The suitable hammer either for Charpy or Izod test is screwed to...
UNIVERSAL BUCKLING UNIT - MUP
  • MUP
Available
7.3.2.1.- 机械测试
MUP
Universal Buckling Unit
The Universal Buckling Unit "MUP" is a bench-top unit whose frame is made of anodized aluminum profiles and plates and steel elements, on which a bubble level is installed to equilibrate the system.The unit has been designed to carry out tests...
STRUT BUCKLING UNIT - MFLT
  • MFLT
Available
7.3.2.1.- 机械测试
MFLT
柱体弯曲度测试设备
The Strut Buckling Unit "MFLT" allows the student to obtain experimentally the buckling critical load of slender struts subjected to compression.The unit allows to study the buckling of pieces of different lengths, ranging from 300 mm. to 625 mm.,...
  • MEBM
Available
7.3.2.1.- 机械测试
MEBM
Euler Buckling Modes Unit
With the Euler Buckling Modes Unit, "MEBM", the four Euler buckling cases are demonstrated, for which four elastic bars are fixed or supported in a frame and subjected to compression load with a system of weights.The elastic bars can be free or...
TORSION AND BEND UNIT - MTP
  • MTP
Available
7.3.2.1.- 机械测试
MTP
扭曲弯曲测试设备
The Torsion and Bend Unit, "MTP", is a combined apparatus for the demonstration of both torsion and bend to be used in the laboratory or as a complement of the theoretical study about torsion and bend. Its size and weight facilitate its transport...
TORSION UNIT - MTB
  • MTB
Available
7.3.2.1.- 机械测试
MTB
扭转试验设备
To perform the tests a metallic rod is fastened by clamps and subjected to the testing force. Force is gradually applied on the rod to observe the elastic tension generated. The force moment or torque is applied by a dynamometer with a lever....
  • MTT
Available
7.3.2.1.- 机械测试
MTT
Torsion Test Unit (30Nm)
To perform the tests, the test specimen is clamped and twisted by means of a flywheel and a worm gear until it breaks. The force is gradually applied to the specimen to observe the elastic strain produced. The specimen will deform and manifest...
TENSILE TESTER UNIT - MTTU
  • MTTU
Available
7.3.2.1.- 机械测试
MTTU
Tensile Tester Unit
With the Tensile Tester Unit, "MTTU", tensile test can be performed. A specimen made of different materials is subjected to an increasing axial tensile stress till failure. This unit allows the user to perform tensile tests with different...
DEFLECTION OF CURVED BARS UNIT - MDB
  • MDB
Available
7.3.2.1.- 机械测试
MDB
曲条挠度测试装置
The Deflection of Curved Bars Unit "MDB" consists of a structure of aluminum and steel that allows the incorporation of different curved bars to be studied. It allows tests with curved bars of different shape.The use of two dial gauges placed...
BEAM DEFLECTION UNIT - MFV
  • MFV
Available
7.3.2.1.- 机械测试
MFV
两弯曲度测试设备
The Beam Deflection Unit, "MFV" has been designed to enable the students to observe and study the following phenomena in simply supported beams and cantilever beams:Relation between the deflections and the applied loads.Effect of the length and...
SHEAR FORCE AND BENDING MOMENTUM UNIT - MMF
  • MMF
Available
7.3.2.1.- 机械测试
MMF
剪切力和弯曲盈利测试设备
The Shear Force and Bending Momentum Unit, "MMF", unit is formed by an aluminum and steel structure that allows us to perform a mechanical study of different structures.An articulated structure makes it possible to convert the application of one...
COMPUTER CONTROLLED NOISE CONTROL DEMONSTRATION UNIT - TDRC
  • TDRC
Available
7.3.2.2.- 热和声学测试
TDRC
Computer Controlled Noise Control Demonstration Unit
The Computer Controlled Noise Control Demonstration Unit, "TDRC", has been specifically designed to obtain visual and quantitative results related to noise and vibration control.The main parts of the unit are two noise sources consisting of a...
BELL CASTING BASIC TRAINING SET - MCAM
  • MCAM
Available
7.3.3.1.- 铸造业
MCAM
Bell Casting Basic Training Set
Didactic case for the study of foundry fundamentals.Introduction to sand casting: student experiments with three different patterns (bell, anvil and anchor).Operations of ramming up of the moulding sand, melting of the metal, pouring, forming and...
FOUNDRY, BUILDING-UP TRAINING SET 1 - MCLA
  • MCLA
Available
7.3.3.1.- 铸造业
MCLA
Foundry, Building-up Training Set 1
Didactic case for the study of foundry fundamentals.Operations of ramming up of the moulding sand, melting of the metal, pouring, forming and fettling can be performed step by step.Practice of melting, unmelting and foundry with irregular and...
CENTRIFUGAL CASTING, BUILDING-UP TRAINING SET 2 - MCEN
  • MCEN
Available
7.3.3.1.- 铸造业
MCEN
Centrifugal Casting, Building-up Training Set 2
This unit is designed for production of hollow bodies in a fast rotating die.The unit is mounted on a thick steel sheet and hold by a frame of extruded and anodised aluminium, which provides a great stiffness and resistance.This unit is made up of...
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