9.- ТЕРМОДИНАМИКА И ТЕРМОТЕХНИКА

Thermodynamics is the branch of physics responsible for the study of the interaction between heat, work and other manifestations of energy in systems in equilibrium. The thermodynamic principles explain the global behavior of macroscopic systems in equilibrium states.

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Thermodynamics does not deal with heat transfer processes, it only studies the initial and final states. These processes fall within the scope of thermotechnics, which focuses on the conduction, convection and radiation processes that determine the real heat and energy fluxes.

The fundamental laws that explain thermodynamic phenomena have been studied throughout history from the study of pressure, volume and temperature relations in different systems:

    • Open systems: heat and mass are exchanged with the outside (a cooling tower)
    • Closed systems: only heat is exchanged with the outside (a container with a mobile plunger)
    • Isolated systems: neither heat nor mass are exchanged (an ideal thermos)

Thermodynamics and thermotechnics have a large number of uses, from the power generation in thermal power plants to cooling systems, covering building engineering too.

The main practical applications in equipment are thermal machines that take advantage of the energy and heat transformation and exchange: engines, turbines, air conditioning, heating, boilers, nozzles, cooling towers

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ПОДКАТЕГОРИИ ТЕРМОДИНАМИКА И ТЕРМОТЕХНИКА

9.1.- ОСНОВЫ И БАЗОВЫЕ ПРИНЦИПЫ ТЕРМОДИНАМИКИ

Thermodynamics is a branch of physics that belongs to the phenomenological science that studies real systems, not modeled, and follows an experimental method. As a consequence, those systems are experimentally defined by approximations and measurement of variables.Macroscopically, thermodynamic...
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9.2.- ОТОПЛЕНИЕ, ВЕНТИЛЯЦИЯ, КОНДИЦИОНИРОВАНИЕ ВОЗДУХА И ГОРЯЧАЯ ВОДА

Certain environmental conditions are needed in many life situations, for example, in an industrial environment, a house or a greenhouse. According to the requirements, the air parameters can be modified with the aid of specific equipment.Under normal conditions, the air has a mass content of...
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9.3.- ТЕПЛОВЫЕ НАСОСЫ

A heat pump is a thermal machine that exchanges energy in the form of heat from one space to another, from a cold source to a hotter one. Energy must be supplied for its operation since, due to the second law of thermodynamics, heat is spontaneously transferred from a hot source to a colder...
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9.4.- ХОЛОДИЛЬНАЯ УСТАНОВКА

Refrigeration is a thermodynamic process that consists in lowering or maintaining the temperature of a space or body. The process lies in extracting heat from a cold source and transferring it to a hot source. Cooling fluids are used to transport the energy.The most widespread refrigeration...
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9.5.- СИСТЕМА ТРУБ ДЛЯ ТЕРМОГИДРАВЛИКИ

The thermal hydraulic piping systems are all fluid transport systems that are part of thermal systems. In the building sector, these systems are used as part of the heating and sanitation facilities.The piping system is designed and calculated based on some objectives, the most important one is...
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9.6.- ТЕПЛОПЕРЕДАЧА

The laws of thermodynamics deal with the energy transfer and interaction between heat and work, but only in equilibrium systems. Consequently, they allow us to determine the initial and final states, but they cannot be used to predict and quantify the intermediate process. Heat transfer provides...
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9.7.- ТЕПЛООБМЕННИКИ

A heat exchanger is a mechanical device designed to transfer heat between two fluids. The heat can be transferred by contact between fluids or through a solid wall that separates them. They are basic elements in refrigeration and air conditioning systems.The direct contact heat exchangers are...
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9.8.- ТЕПЛОВЫЕ МАШИНЫ

A thermal machine is a set of mechanical elements that performs a work through a cyclic process where energy crosses from a hot focus to a cold focus through a compressible fluid.In thermal machines, significant density changes occur in the working fluid as it passes through the machine. By...
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9.9.- ДВИГАТЕЛИ ВНУТРЕННЕГО СГОРАНИЯ

An internal combustion engine is a fluid-mechanic machine that converts the chemical energy of the fuel-air mixture into mechanical energy after a combustion process in the working cylinder. In the combustion, the energy contained in the fuel is released by its ignition and subsequent oxidation...
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9.10.- МОНТАЖ И НАЛАДКА

The needs of today's society are a challenge for any industry, since they have to be in continuous evolution and renewal to adapt to those needs.In recent years, as a result of the new industrial revolution or ",Industry 4.0, the emergence of the ",Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) and the...
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ПРОДУКТЫ ТЕРМОДИНАМИКА И ТЕРМОТЕХНИКА
Показано 1-30 из 201
COMPUTER CONTROLLED EXPANSION PROCESSES OF A PERFECT GAS UNIT - TEPGC
  • TEPGC
Available
9.1.- ОСНОВЫ И БАЗОВЫЕ ПРИНЦИПЫ ТЕРМОДИНАМИКИ
TEPGC

Установка процесса расширения идеального газа, управляемая с ПК

The “TEPGC” is a unit designed to demonstrate the expansion and compression processes of a perfect gas and the basic principles of thermodynamics. The unit consists of two rigid vessels connected to each other. They are made of methacrylate to...
BOMB CALORIMETER - TBCF
  • TBCF
Available
9.1.- ОСНОВЫ И БАЗОВЫЕ ПРИНЦИПЫ ТЕРМОДИНАМИКИ
TBCF

Комплект «Бомбовый калориметр» для определения калорийности топлива

Bomb Calorimeter, "TBCF", comprises the calorimeter, a calorimeter vessel, an outer double walled water jacket, control unit to switch on/off the stirrer and the ignition device, an accurate thermometer and charging unit with pressure gauges to...
COMPUTER CONTROLLED GAS LAWS UNIT (BOYLE AND GAY-LUSSAC LAWS) - TLBGC
  • TLBGC
Available
9.1.- ОСНОВЫ И БАЗОВЫЕ ПРИНЦИПЫ ТЕРМОДИНАМИКИ
TLBGC

Управляемое ПК устройство изучения газовых законов (Гей-Люссака и Бойля)

The Computer Controlled Gas Laws Unit (Boyle and Gay-Lussac Law), “TLBGC”, allows to demonstrate two fundamental gas laws: Boylend Mariotte's Law (isothermal change of state) and Gay-Lussac's 2 Law (isochoric change of state).The unit consists of...
AIR HUMIDITY MEASUREMENT UNIT - TMHA
  • TMHA
Available
9.2.- ОТОПЛЕНИЕ, ВЕНТИЛЯЦИЯ, КОНДИЦИОНИРОВАНИЕ ВОЗДУХА И ГОРЯЧАЯ ВОДА
TMHA

Устройство измерения влажности воздуха

The Air Humidity Measurement Unit, “TMHA”, enables the differences in accuracy between different instruments to measure the air relativehumidity. It also includes a fan to show the effects of airflow on the different instruments.A mobile metallic...
COMPUTER CONTROLLED FLAME PROPAGATION AND STABILITY UNIT - TVPLC
  • TVPLC
Available
9.1.- ОСНОВЫ И БАЗОВЫЕ ПРИНЦИПЫ ТЕРМОДИНАМИКИ
TVPLC

Устройство распространение и устойчивости пламени, управляемое с ПК

The Computer Controlled Flame Propagation and Stability Unit “TVPLC” is a teaching unit which allows to obtain various flames by changing the quantities of the fuel – comburent mix.The unit is prepared to work with different gaseous fuels, so it...
COMPUTER CONTROLLED NOZZLE PERFORMANCE TEST UNIT - TFTC
  • TFTC
Available
9.1.- ОСНОВЫ И БАЗОВЫЕ ПРИНЦИПЫ ТЕРМОДИНАМИКИ
TFTC

Установка исследования эксплуатационных характеристик форсунки, управляемая с ПК

The Computer Controlled Nozzle Performance Test Unit, "TFTC", has been specially designed to allow students to investigate and study theperformance of a nozzle (kinetic energy and thrust).Operating from a normal laboratory compressed air supply,...
COMPUTER CONTROLLED HOT WATER PRODUCTION AND HEATING TEACHING UNIT - EACC
  • EACC
Available
9.2.- ОТОПЛЕНИЕ, ВЕНТИЛЯЦИЯ, КОНДИЦИОНИРОВАНИЕ ВОЗДУХА И ГОРЯЧАЯ ВОДА
EACC

Система горячего водоснабжения и учебное устройство обогрева, управляемая с ПК

The main element of the Computer Controlled Hot Water Production and Heating Teaching Unit, "EACC", is the boiler. Its function is the heating of the water that will flow through the other elements transferring its heat. It is a low temperature...
COMPUTER CONTROLLED UNIT TO STUDY THE EFFICIENCY OF A HEATING SYSTEM - TEHSC
  • TEHSC
Available
9.2.- ОТОПЛЕНИЕ, ВЕНТИЛЯЦИЯ, КОНДИЦИОНИРОВАНИЕ ВОЗДУХА И ГОРЯЧАЯ ВОДА
TEHSC

Блок для изучения эффективности систем отопления, управляемый с ПК

The Computer Controlled Unit to Study the Efficiency of a Heating System, "TEHSC",designed by EDIBON allows for studying and analyzing a closed heating system made upof pipes with different diameter and fittings normally used in real heating...
WATER HEATERS TRAINING UNIT - WHT
  • WHT
Available
9.2.- ОТОПЛЕНИЕ, ВЕНТИЛЯЦИЯ, КОНДИЦИОНИРОВАНИЕ ВОЗДУХА И ГОРЯЧАЯ ВОДА
WHT

Water Heaters Training Unit

The Water Heater Training Unit, “WHT”, allows demonstrating the operation of three types of water heaters. The unit has three heaters, two of them commercial one with electronic ignition and one in millivolt, and a residential gas heater without...